Issue №1, 2016

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GENERAL ECONOMIC THEORY

Optimization of the state intervention in economic life as component of anti-corruption policy

V. Gorlanov, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation (Moscow, Russia)

The article is devoted to the urgent need for optimization of state intervention in economic life as the most important component of the state anticorruption policy. We analyze the world experience in solving this problem in the context of the theory and practice of deregulation. Preconditions preventive search and realization of political rents its candidates in today’s Russia.

 Keywords: «failures» of the market, «failures» of the state, the government monopoly, anti-corruption, deregulation, the subsidiarity principle, the restriction of competition, political rent, economic rent, rent-seeking behavior

References

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For citation: Gorlanov V. G. Optimization of the state intervention in economic life as component of anti-corruption policy // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. Р. 13—20.

 

 

Economic system is controlled on the basis of its fundamental properties

I. Bogomolov, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (Moscow, Russia)

I. Ivanus , Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (Moscow, Russia)

P. Nevezhin , Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (Moscow, Russia)

It is proposed in the model of economic system considered as a fundamental oscillation and wave properties of its key economic variables subject to stochastic effects of random internal and external factors. Determination of real-time parameters of oscillatory processes in the economic system, as well as the prediction of the probability of random events that affect them will implement the optimal trajectory management responses to its stable and crisisfree development.A three-network model of the economic systemis proposed.

Keywords: wave properties, economic variables, stochastic resonance, three-grid model, trust network Bayes, real-time enterprise.

References

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 For citation: Bogomolov A. I., Ivanus A. I., Nevezhin V. P. Economic system is controlled on the basis of its fundamental properties // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. Р. 21—28.

 

 


BUSINESS ENTERPRISE

The typology of business entitiesin the level of corporate culture development

Nowadays the necessity of establishment of optimum balance between commercial interests of the business, accruing requirements of the state and the needs of the society for social security have encouraged the formation of business culture, within which the performance of the enterprises is considered to satisfy the interests of all stakeholders during the interaction. On the basis of the results of cluster analysis,of answers of the respondents, received during the questionnaire survey, the author identified four clusters of business entities, which differ-by the level of development of corporate culture de-pending on anevolution stage of social responsibility. The author highlights the importance of further studying of business culture for the purpose of its improvement as an additional instrument for strength-ening the competitiveness on market.

 Keywords: business entities, business culture, corporate culture, social responsibility, corporate so-cial responsibility

References

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For citation: Mukhamedshina A. N. The typology of business entitiesin the level of corporate culture development // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1.Р. 29—39.

 

 


ECONOMY, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ENTERPRISES, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES

Models and Methods of Intellectual Capital Measurement

V. Khorolskaya, Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

The article actualizes the need for a more thorough investigation of the nature of the phenomenon of intellectual capital as well as the methods of measuring it in conjunction with the assessment of the impact on company performance. The   author critically examines the basic models and methods of calculation company’s intellectual capital, carries out their differentiation, and shows the advantage of using Scorecard methods. The article proposes the original research conceptual model. This model shows the effect of intellectual capital on company’s operating results. The author hypothesizes that development of intellectual capital components has a positive effect on management satisfaction with financial performance of company. Preliminary test model results indicate there is the strong correlation between management satisfaction with financial results and development of structural, client capital and state of macro environment, icroenvironment of company.

Keywords: intellectual capital, models of in tellectual capital measurement, intangible assets, Skandia Navigator, Value added intellectual capital, Balance Scorecard, The Intangible Assets Monitor, Tobin’s Q, Economic value added, Market value added, Calculated Intangibles Value.

For citation: Khorolskaya O. V. Models and Methods of Intellectual Capital Measurement // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. Р. 40—52.

 

 

Transformation of agrarian sector of the northern region during market reforms

A. Ivanov, The Institute of Social, Economic and Power problems of the North, Komi Scientific Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, (Syktyvkar, Russia)

Successful development of northern and Arctic territories depends on steady functioning of agrarian sector. The rural and trade economy is a way of life of the people reproached here. In article the condition of agriculture and food selffficiency of the population of the Komi Republic in the years of rather stable development (1960-1980) and in the conditions of market reforms is considered. The analysis of production and consumption of food for 30 summer predreformenny period is given. Positive influence of modernization processes on agrarian sector is shown. The market transformation of agrarian economy accompanied in the 1990th with sharp recession of agrarian production, degradation of production potential, a rural demography, infrastructure of the village, decrease in a standard of living of peasants, disparity of the prices of an agricultural and industrial output is investigated. Negative impact of market reforms on food self-sufficiency is revealed. Possible scenarios of development of agrarian sector and food self-sufficiency are considered. For forecasting of agriculture by means of SWOT –the analysis are revealed its strong and weaknesses, opportunities and threats of development. Three scenarios are offered: inertial (pessimistic), basic and optimistic. The most acceptable optimistic scenario of development based on innovative modernization is established for Komi the republics. Results of research can be used at correction of the acting Gosprogramma of development of agrarian and industrial complex and development of strategy of development of agrofood sector of the region.

Keywords: market reform, agrarian sector, food self-sufficiency, transformational process, scenario of development, Komi Republic.

References

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For citation: Ivanov V. A. Transformation of agrarian sector of the northern region during market reforms // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. Р. 52—70.

 

 

Import substitution in the industry

V. Abramov, St. Petersburg state sea technical university (St. Petersburg, Russia)

V. Titov, St. Petersburg state sea technical university (St. Petersburg, Russia)

Ключевые слова: импортозамещение, промышленность, планирование, SWOT-анализ, конкуренция, протекционизм.

Research objective — identification of the factors defining need for import substitution. SWOT-the analysis of the factors influencing import substitution is carried out. Are considered strong and weaknesses of consequences of import substitution that allows to optimize processes of improvement of management of import substitution.

Keywords: import substitution, industry, planning, SWOT analysis, competition, protectionism.

References

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  11. Rabah Arezki, Kaddour Hadri, Prakash Loungani, Yao Rao.Testing the Prebisch-Singer Hypothesis since 1650: Evidence from Panel Techniques that Allow for Multiple Breaks. 37 p. International Monetary Fund. Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2013/wp13180.pdf (accessed 01.02.2016)
  12. Evdokimov G. P. K voprosu ob importozameshhenii. [To a question of import substitution]. Morskie vesti Rossii. 2015. No. 1. (In Russ) Available at: http://www.morvesti.ru/tems/detail.php?ID=35632(accessed 01.02.2016)

For citation: Abramov A. V., Titov A. V. Import substitution in the industry // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management nd Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. P. 70—75.

 

 

Factors model of russian componies capitalization

A. Badokina, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin” (Syktyvkar, Russia)

N. Shvetsova, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin” (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The present study aimed to assess factors model of creation and growth Russian companies capitalization.On the example of public company Rostelecom using the tools of economic and mathematical modeling the relationship of the relative valuations the market, total shareholder return and the micro and macro factors was installed and tested. The results can be used in management decisions for the management of business value.

 Keywords: shareholder value, micro-macro factors creating shareholder value, market capitalization, price/book value ratio, P/E ratio, shareholder profitability.

References

  1. Badokina, E. A., Shvecova, I. N. Faktory sozdanija akcionernoj stoimosti rossijskih kompanij [Factors of Creating Shareholder Value in Russian Companies] // Electronic scientific journal «Corporate Governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Investment of Syktyvkar State University», 2015, no. 3, pp. 65-82 (In Russ) Available at: http://vestnik-ku.ru/index. php/arkhiv-nomerov/2015-god/vestnik-3. (accessed 04.12.2015).
  2. The index of blue chips. Moscow Exchange, 2015. Available at: http://moex.com/ru/index/rtsstd. (accessed 01.06.2015).
  1. Information for Shareholders and Investors Rostelecom. Available at: http://www.rostelecom.ru(accessed 01.06.2015-01.12.2015).
  1. Kotyrlo, E.S. Jekonometrika [Econometrics] Syktyvkar, 2005. 194 p.
  2. Metod posledovatelnogo iskluchenia neizvestnich ili metod Gaussa [The Gauss–Seidel method]. Available at:http://www.webmath.ru/poleznoe/formules_5_5.php (accessed 01.06.2015).
  1. Hall, John H. Dissecting EVA: The Value Drivers Determining the Shareholder Value of Industrial Companies. SSRN, 2002, March 15, pp. 1-21. Available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=304196. (accessed 23.05.2015).
  1. Kleidon, A. Variance Bounds Tests and Stock Price Valuation Models. Journal of Political Economy, 1986, vol. 94, no. 5 (Oct.). Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1833189. (accessed 23.05.2015).
  1. Pandey, I. What Drives Shareholder Value, Asian Academy of Management. Asian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance, 2005, no.1, pp.105-120. Available at: http://web.usm.my/journal/aamjaf/vol1/1-6.pdf/ (accessed 23.05.2015).

For citation: Badokina E. A., Shvetsova I. N. Factors model of russian componies capitalization // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. P. 76—85.

 

 

Estimation of innovative potential of enterprises based on environmental factors

A. Balandinа, The Bashkir state University (Ufa, Russia)

The purpose of this article research is to evaluate the effectiveness of innovative activity of Russian enterprises with the integration of the environmental dimension of their activities. The pro-posed assessment methodology based on the calculation of innovation potential taking into account environmental factors, for which calculation is used: the level of innovation activity of enterprises, their total and special expenses on innovation. The developed method allows to estimate the contribution of each component in the value innovation potential and to make a comparative analysis of innovation activities of enterprises in various industries.

 Keywords: innovative activity, innovative potential, ecological factor, the cost of innovation, the level of innovative activity.

References

1.  Borisoglebskaja L. L., Emel’janov S. G. Metodologicheskie osnovy issledovanija innovacionnogo potenciala regio-na e cel’ju sozdanija centra transferta [Methodological basis of research of innovative potential of the region e the pur-pose of the transfer centre]. Innovacii, 2006, no. 2, p.p. 32—44.

2.  Valinurova L. S., Kuz’minyh N. A. Ocenka urovnja innovacionnogo razvitija otraslej promyshlennosti [Assessment of level of innovative development of industries]. Innovacionnaja jekonomika, 2007, no. 6, pp. 42—47.

3.  Dubrovina N. A., Hramova E. S. Metod ocenki jeffektivnosti innovacionnoj dejatel’nosti promyshlennogo pred-prijatija [Method of estimating efficiency of innovation activity of industrial enterprise] Vestnik SamGU , 2013, no. 4, pp. 137—146. 4.  Indikatory innovacionnoj dejatel’nosti: 2015. [Indicators of innovation: 2015]. Available at: http:// www.hse.ru/primarydata/ii2015 (accessed 30.09.2015)

5.  Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik — 2014. [Russian statistical Yearbook — 2014]. Available at: http://www. gks.ru/bgd/regl/b14_13/IssWWW.exe/Stg/d01/03—17.htm (accessed 30.09.2015)

For citation: Balandinа O. A. Estimation of innovative potential of enterprises based on environmental factors // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. P. 85—93.

 

 

Methodical approaches to development of benchmarking tools of expenses at the oil-producing enterprises

I. Bushueva, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin” (Syktyvkar, Russia)

A. Shaykhlislamov, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin” (Syktyvkar, Russia)

At the present stage the increasing number of companies realize the need of long-term cost management programs on the basis of the business best practices of the companies working in the industry. The benchmarking instruments of operating and capital expenses for the oil-producing companies are presented in the article. Outcomes from the bench-marking instruments can be used for the expenses comparison and identification of potential cost optimization at various stages of development of oil fields by taking into account geological, economic and technological conditions. Also development possibilities of the oil companies define priorities for cost optimization in a business planning cycle.

Keywords: benchmarking, oil-producing enter-prises, capital expenses, operating expenses, expens-es optimization.

References

1.  Ampilov Yu. P., Geert A. A. Ekonomicheskaya geologiya [Economic geology]. M.: Geoinformmark, 2006. 400 p.

 2.  Arenkov I. A., Bagiyev E. G. Benchmarking I marketingovye resheniya [Benchmarking and marketing deci-sions] // Available at: URL: http://www.elobook.com/2008/07/23/arenkov-benchmarking-i-marketingovye.html (accessed: 11.01.2016).

 3.  Zibert G., Kempf Sh. Benchmarking [Benchmarking]. M.: KIA center. Ser. Library of logistics. 2006. 128 pages.

 4.  Izhberdeev R. R., Kazayeva L. M., Halikova M. A. Mekhanizm formirovaniya optimalnoy investicionnoy pro-grammy neftyanoy kompanii [Mekhanizm of formation of the optimum investment program of the oil company] // Naukovedeniye. 2014, no 2/ Available at: URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/mehanizm-formirovaniya-optimal-noy-investitsionnoy-programmy-neftyanoy-kompanii (accessed: 11.01.2016).

 5.  Kemp, R. Benchmarking: obzor opyta dostizeniya delovogo sovershenstva [Benchmarking: the experience review of the business excellence attainment] / R. Kemp. 2007. Available at: URL: http://www.benchmarketingclub.ru/kemp.pdf (accessed: 11.01.2016).

6.  Lenkova O. V., Deberdiyev E.M. Benchmarking neftyanych kompaniy: teoretoko-metodicheskiye osnovy [Benchmarking of the oil and gas companies: teoretiko-methodical bases]. Germany, Saarbrucken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG. 2012. 80 p.

7.  Raider R. Benchmarking kak instrument opredeleniya strategii I povysheniya pribyli [Benchmarking as the in-strument of the strategy definition and profit markup]. M.: Standards and quality. 2009. 248 p.

 8.  Smirnova N. V., Pikalov T. A. Povyshenie effektivnosti deyatelnosty predpriyatiy neftyanoi otrasli za schet primeneniya instrumenta benchmarkinga [Improving plant performance of oil branch due to the tool usage of bench-marking]//Economy and business. 2015 No. 5—1 (58—1), pp. 458—461.

 9.  Haynish S., Klimov E. Benchmarking na predpriyatii kak instrument upravleniya izmeneniyami [Benchmarking at the enterprise as the instrument of change management]. M.: Editorial of URSS. Ser. From experience of administra-tive consultation, 2006. 128 p.

 10.  Harrington, Х. Дж. Benchmarking v lechem vide[Benchmarking in spades] translated from English by H. DZh. Harrington, J. S. Harrington; ed. B. L. Reznichenko. SPb.: St. Petersburg, 2004. 176 p.

For citation: Bushueva L. I., Shaykhlislamov V. A. Methodical approaches to development of benchmark-ing tools of expenses at the oil-producing enterprises // Corporate governance and innovative economic de-velopment of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. P. 93—102.

 

 


REGIONAL ECONOMY

The competitiveness of industrial enterprises in the region

P. Shihverdiev, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin” (Syktyvkar, Russia)

A. Oganezova, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin” (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The article presents the interpretation of the «competitiveness» of the concept, revealed its importance in the management of industrial enterprises. Proposed framework for the assessment of economic entities in the region. The results of the study of competitiveness of industrial enterprises in the Republic of Komi, through which identified specific factors influencing its development and the mechanisms of its increase for the regional authorities, local government and business entities. It recommended the in troduction of a regional business acceleration pro-gram aimed at stimulating the startup of small and medium-sized businesses through mentoring, training, financial support and expertise.

 Keywords: competitiveness, formalization of competitiveness, immanent approach immanent approach, highly competitive, industry, business acceleration program, mentoring, region

References

 1.  Vasil’yeva N. A. Vzaimoobuslovlennost’ konkurentosposobnosti gosudarstva i predpriyatiy [The interdepend-ence of the competitiveness of the state and enterprises]. Available at: http://www.altstu.ru/structure/chair/meo/ staff/768 (accessed: 12.02.2016).

 2.  Zhil’ V. Konkurentosposobnost’ : obshchiy podkhod. Moskva: 2010. Available at: http://www.recep.ru/files/documents/General_approach_competitiveness-Walter-ru.pdf (accessed: 20.02.2016).

3.  Sitkarev V. S. Povysheniye konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiy lesopromyshlennogo kompleksa RK [Improving the competitiveness of timber industry complex of the RК] avtoref . dis . ... кand . ekon . nauk . Syktyvkar, 2005. 23р.

4.  Savel’yev Yu. V. Upravleniye konkurentosposobnost’yu regiona: ot teorii k praktike . Petrozavodsk: Karel’skiy161 nauchnyy tsentr RAN, 2010. 516 р.

 5.  Metlina A. Ye. Konkurentosposobnost’ rossiyskikh predpriyatiy [The competitiveness of Russian enterprises ] // Vestnik TGPU. 2010. № 5(49). Available at: http://cyberleninka.ru/article /n/konkurentosposobnost-rossiyskih-predpriyatiy (accessed: 22.01.2016).

 6.  Porter M. Kak stroit’ strategiyu na osnove pyati konkurentnykh sil [How to build a strategy based on five com-petitive forces ]// Harvard Business Review. 2008. № 4. Р. 58—76.

 7.  Shumpeter Y. A. Teoriya ekonomicheskogo razvitiya. Kapitalizm, sotsializm i demokratiya. Moskva: Eksmo, 864 р.

 8.  Treshchevskiy Yu. I. Metodologiya i metodika analiza konkurentosposobnosti [Methodology and technique of the analysis of competitiveness] // Ekonomicheskiy analiz. 2010. № 18. Р. 35—47.

 9.  Maksimova I. V. Metod rascheta integral’noy konkurentosposobnosti promyshlennykh , torgovykh i finansovykh predpriyatiy [Method for calculating the integrated competitiveness of the industrial, commercial and financial en-terprises] // Biznes obrazovaniye Rossii. Available at: http://www.rb-edu.ru/library/articles/articles_6125.html (ac-cessed: 26.01.2016).

 10.  Oganezova N. A. Formirovaniye mekhanizmov ustoychivogo razvitiya lesnoy otrasli (na primere Respubliki Komi) [ Formation of mechanisms of a sustainable development of the forest industry (on example of the Republic of Komi)] dis . ... kand . ekon . nauk . Sankt-Peterburg, 2015. 185 p.

11.  Shikhverdiyev A. P., Kalina A. V., Terent’yeva O. A. Mekhanizmy povysheniya konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiy malogo i srednego biznesa Respubliki Komi v sisteme vzaimootnosheniy biznesa i vlasti [Mechanisms for improving the com-petitiveness of small and medium business of the Republic of Komi in the system of relations between business and govern-ment] // Bulletin of the research center of corporate law, management and venture capital of Syktyvkar State University, 2012, no. 1, pp. 197—209 (In Russ.) Available at: http://vestnik-ku.ru/articles/2012/1/17.pdf (accessed: 20.12.2015).

For citation: Shihverdiev A. P., Oganezova N. A. The competitiveness of industrial enterprises in the region Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. № 1. P. 103—113.

 

 

Private-public partnership project portfolio management system on the regional level

P. Eseva , Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin” (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The article is devoted to the regional public private partnership project portfolio management. The paper reflects the need to create a public-private partnership project management system from the State perspective. The result of the research is public-private partnership project portfolio governance system development on the base of portfolio management system in corporate management. This system is structured; its basic elements and processes are described. The result of the system implementation by the state is an effective planning system in the sphere of private-public partnership formation, public-pri-vate partnership projects fecundity increase, the base for the effective cooperation with potential private-public partnership projects participants forming.

 Keywords: private-public partnership, management, project portfolio, system, region.

References

 1.  Eseva E., Bushueva L. Gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo kak instrument razvitija social'noj sfery regiona (na primere Respubliki Komi) [Public private partnership as a mechanism for development of social sphere of a region (the Komi Republic example)]. Regional'naja jekonomika: teorija i praktika. 2015, no. 11(386), рр. 37—48.

 2.  Kozlov A. Upravlenie portfelem programm i proektov: processy i instrumentarij: monografija [Projects and pro grammes portfolio management: processes and instruments]. 2-e izd., ster. Moscow: «FLINTA» Publ., 2011. 349 p.

 3.  O gosudarstvenno-chastnom partnerstve, municipal’no-chastnom partnerstve v Rossijskoj Federacii i vnese-nii izmenenij v otdel’nye zakonodatel’nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii [On private public partnership, municipal private partnership in the Russian Federation and changes to some laws of the Russian Federation]: Federal’nyj zakon ot 13.07.2015 № 224-FZ [Federal law of the Russian Federation].

 4.  O koncessionnyh soglashenijah [On concession agreements]: Federal’nyj zakon ot 21.07.2005 № 115-FZ [Federal law of the Russian Federation].

 5.  Rukovodstvo k svodu znanij po upravleniju proektami (Rukovodstvo PMBoK) [A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBoK Guide)]. Pennsylvania, Project Management Institute, Inc. 2008. 463 p.

For citation: Eseva E. P. Private-public partnership project portfolio management system on the regional level Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. № 1. P. 113—121.

 

 

Express-evaluation of clay deposits mining effectiveness on the base of economic-geological criteria (using Leningrad region as an example)

Yu. Peshkova, Saint Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation (St. Petersburg, Russia)

Leningrad region is characterized by dynamic development of the construction, which determines the relevance of the regional non-metallic raw materials provision system development. The significant number of potential projects determines the need to find the ways their effectiveness express-evaluation, based on a limited list of criteria, but at the same time, adequately reflect the real prospect of the project.  The proposed approach is based on four econom-ic-geological criteria, which enable a high degree of certainty to determine the potential of the field development. Method of selection criteria and their value ranges is based on expert judgment. The experts were selected among professionals in the field of mining, processing and consumption of non-metallic building materials in the Leningrad region. The analysis found that the majority of the Leningrad region clay deposits have favorable conditions for the development. The evaluation of these de-posits development projects (based on discounted cash flows) showed similar results, indicating the adequacy of proposed method and the possibility of its practical use.

Keywords: clay deposits, construction, non-me-tallic minerals, Leningrad region

References

 1.  Kurchin G.S., Volkov E.P., Zajceva E.V., Kirsanov A.K. Problemy jekologii pri dobyche nerudnyh stroitel’nyh ma-terialov v Rossii [Environmental problems in the extraction of nonmetallic building materials in Russia]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija, 2013,6, pp. 3—9. (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.science-education.ru/ru/ar-ticle/view?id=10500 (accessed 31.01.2016).

 2.  Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Available at: http://base.garant.ru/10900200/ (accessed 31.01.2016).

 3.  Postanovlenie ot 17 janvarja 2012 g. N 2 «O programme razvitija predprijatij promyshlennosti stroitel’nyh materialov Leningradskoj oblasti do 2020 goda». Available at: http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online. cgi?req=doc;base=SPB;n=157339 (accessed 31.01.2016)

 4.  Oficialniy sait Investicionnogo portala Leningradskoj oblasti. Available at: http://lenoblinvest.ru/investitsii-v-promyshlennost/promyshlennye-klastery/klaster-promyshlennosti-stroitelnykh-materialov (accessed 31.01.2016).

 5.  Oficialniy sait Territorial’nogo organa Federal’noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki po gorodu Sankt-Peterburgu i Leningradskoj oblasti. Available at: http://petrostat.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_ts/petrostat/ ru/statistics/Leningradskaya_area/grp/ (accessed 31.01.2016).

 6.  Pessjanikova N. V., Komkova A. V. Strategicheskie tendencii predprijatij nerudnyh stroitel’nyh materialov [Strategic trends enterprises nonmetallic building materials]. Sovremennye naukoemkie tehnologii, 2013, № 10-1, pp. 75—76. Available at: http://www.top-technologies.ru/ru/article/view?id=33308 (accessed 31.01.2016).

 7.  Peshkova G. Ju. Analiz razvitija rynka nerudnyh stroitel’nyh materialov: osnovnye tendencii i perspektivy raz-vitija [The analysis of the market of non-metallic building materials: the main tendencies and perspectives]. Vestnik Nauchno-issledovatel’skogo centra korporativnogo prava, upravlenija i venchurnogo investirovanija Syktyvkarskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2014, №4, pp. 53—64.

 8.  Federal’naja sluzhba gosudarstvennoj statistiki. Available at: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_ main/rosstat/ru/statistics/accounts/# (accessed 31.01.2016)

 9.  Fedoseev S. V., Cherepovicyn A. E. Ocenka sovokupnogo strategicheskogo potenciala bazovyh otraslej pro-myshlennosti arkticheskoj zony hozjajstvovanija Rossii [Evaluation of overall strategic potential of the Russian Arctic zone basic industries]. Vestnik MGTU, 2014, №3, pp.598—605.

 10.  Jamaletdinova G. H. Obzor metodov ocenki stavki diskontirovanija v investicionnom analize [Review of discount rate estimation methods in the investment analysis]. Sovremennye tehnologii upravlenija, 2011, № 3 (03), pp. 52—65. Available at: http://economics.open-mechanics.com/articles/415.pdf (accessed 31.01.2016).

For citation: Peshkova G. Yu. Express-evaluation of clay deposits mining effectiveness on the base of economic-geological criteria (using leningrad region as an example) // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. P. 121—128.

 

 

Regional labor market of the Russian Federation in the conditions of economic crisis: payment terms and methods to improve efficiency

S. Zmiyak, Southern Federal University (Rostov-on-Don, Russia)

B. Tedeyev, South Ossetian State University

A. Tibilov (Tskhinvali, South Ossetian)

A Vasiliev, Southern Federal University (Rostov-on-Don, Russia)

The article examines the processes of transformation of the Russian Federation, the regional labor market. The analysis of the socio-economic changes in the current economic crisis. These changes are considered in terms of the calculation of conditions for in-creasing the efficiency of regional labor markets and to determine methods to improve them. The article presents the author's methods of calculation of efficiency of labor markets, taking into account the economic and social specificity of the Russian Federation.

 Keywords: labor market, region, efficiency, calculation formula, the crisis, the society, the system, the economy.

 References

  1. Alonkina L. I. Demografiya, rynok truda i ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost’ Rossii [Demography, labor market and economic security of Russia] Eagle, 2006. 541 p.
  2. Kalashnikov S. Razvitiye rynka truda — neot»yemlemyy element gosudarstvennoy politiki [Labor market de-velopment — an essential element of public policy]. Man and labor, 2005, no. 5, pp. 44.
  3. Mishchenko L. I. Rynok truda — 2016 : ozhidaniya i prognozy [Labour Market 2016: expectations and fore-casts] Available at: http:// SPB. rabota.ru/research/statistika_rynka_truda/rynok_ truda_ 2016_ozhidanija_i_prognozy.html (accessed 02.25.2016).
  4. Odegov Y. G., Rudenko G. G., Lunev N. М. Rynok truda (trud prakticheskikh makroekonomika) [Labour market (labor practical macroeconomics)] Alfa-Press, 2007.
  5. Rudakov M. N. Rynok truda : zakonomernosti i mekhanizmy funktsionirovaniya [Labor market: the laws and mechanisms of functioning] Petrozavodsk, 2001. 120 p.
  6. Shekhovtseva L. S., Zaplatina V. V. Podkhody k regional’nym klasterom [Approaches to the regional cluster]. Region: Economics and Sociology, Publishing house Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2012, no.3, pp. 120.
  7. Shirobokova V. A. Vliyaniye regulirovaniya na ekonomiku gosudarstvennykh finansov i oblastey byudzhetnoy sfery [The impact of regulation on the economy of public finances and the budget sphere regions] Region: Economics and Sociology, Publishing house Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2013, no. 2, pp. 89—107.

For citation: Zmiyak S. S., Tedeyev V. B., Vasiliev M. A. Regional labor market of the Russian Federation in the conditions of economic crisis: payment terms and methods to improve efficiency // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. P. 129—135.

 

 

Dynamics and structure of the expenditure of the consolidated budget of the Russia’s region (the Komi Republic)

N. Timushev, Institute for Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North Komi Research Center,Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The aim of the research set out in the article is to identify trends in expenditures of the consolidated budget of the Komi Republic allowing for increasing risk of growing of imbalance at budgetary systems of Russia’s regions. The study is based on theoretical studies on issues of balancing and budget expenditures, taking into account the role of the budget in the process of economic development and with a focus on the processes of redistribution of budget funds within the budgetary system of the Komi Republic. It is shown that rising budget deficit and indebtedness of regional budget systems in Russia contradicts the task of macroeconomic stability and balanced budget in a resource-rich country. The fall of real expenditure rate of growth of the consolidated budget of the Republic of Komi since 2014 is represented but social expenditures that was increased in 2009 and since that continued to grow are likely to stabilize with high probability on its current level accounting for the present situation of the economy. Centralizing of budget resources in the budget system are underway: it lowers the opportunity of town, districts and villages’ to finance their own outlays. Meantime the current expenditures are steadily growing. Although all these circumstances may make formal preconditions for economic growth, they actually lower even the potential rates of growth because infrastructure spending and capital expenditure seem to be insufficient. The situation is worsened by growing deficits and debt of the budget.

 Keywords: consolidated budget of a Russia’sregion, the Republic of Komi, expenditure, dynamics of expenditures, structure of expenditures, social expenditures, productive expenditures.

 References

  1. Bjudzhetnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31.07.1998 N 145-FZ (red. ot 21.07.2014) [Budgetary Code of the Russian Federation. The Federal Law No. 145-ФЗ, Jule, 31, 1998 (ed. Jule, 21, 2014)], Moscow, 1998.
  2.  O meropriyatiyah po realizatsii gosudarstvennoy sotsialnoy politiki. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii № 597 [On measures to implement the government's social policy. Presidential Decree of May, 7, 2012, No. 597], Moscow, 2012.
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For citation: Timushev E. N. Dynamics and structure of the expenditure of the consolidated budget of the Russia’s region (the Komi Republic) // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. P. 136—145.

 

 

Prediction of the demographic and educational processes on the territories of different levels

V. Smirnov, Institute for Socio-Economic and Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Energy Problems of the North Komi Research Center, (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The article describes the method of long-term projections construction of the population in which modeling of demographic events happening at the micro level. The author offers prediction algorithm and its implementation scheme broken down by hierarchical levels. The developed model improves accuracy of the forecast and takes into account the additional characteristics of the population (number of children and educational level). Demographic projection with educational processes made it possible to predict the dynamics of the educational potential of the areas. Forecast of demographic development by 2050 at the regional and district levels was built on the example of the Komi Republic. It allows us to estimate the expected scale of the depopulation influenced by migration and natural movement of the population, as well as the dynamics of the sex and age composition and spatial distribution of the population. n addition, the model produces estimate of future changes in the republic's educational poten-tial. The author evaluated the contribution of various factors to the change in the demographic and educa-tional potential of the Komi Republic. The technique, which is offered in the article, can be easily adapted to create population projections of other regions and states. Results of the study are useful for creating pro-grams of the northern territories development, par-ticularly in the demographic and social fields.

 Keywords: population projection, demography, education, migration, computer simulation, demo-graphic events, regions, Komi Republic.

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For citation: Smirnov A. V. Prediction of the demographic and educational processes on the territories of different levels // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. P. 146—155.

 

 


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Член редколлегии журнала доктор экономических наук, профессор К. В. Павлов за достиженияобласти науки награжден по решению Европалаты ЕС (Eurochambers) от 27.11.2015 дипломом и Eвропейской золотой медалью за 2015 год.

 

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