Issue №1, 2016

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Transformation of agrarian sector of the northern region during market reforms

 

V. A. Ivanov, The Institute of Social, Economic and Power problems of the North, Komi Scientific Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, (Syktyvkar, Russia)

Full article 

Successful development of northern and Arctic territories depends on steady functioning of agrarian sector. The rural and trade economy is a way of life of the people reproached here. In article the condition of agriculture and food selffficiency of the population of the Komi Republic in the years of rather stable development (1960-1980) and in the conditions of market reforms is considered. The analysis of production and consumption of food for 30 summer predreformenny period is given. Positive influence of modernization processes on agrarian sector is shown. The market transformation of agrarian economy accompanied in the 1990th with sharp recession of agrarian production, degradation of production potential, a rural demography, infrastructure of the village, decrease in a standard of living of peasants, disparity of the prices of an agricultural and industrial output is investigated. Negative impact of market reforms on food self-sufficiency is revealed. Possible scenarios of development of agrarian sector and food self-sufficiency are considered. For forecasting of agriculture by means of SWOT –the analysis are revealed its strong and weaknesses, opportunities and threats of development. Three scenarios are offered: inertial (pessimistic), basic and optimistic. The most acceptable optimistic scenario of development based on innovative modernization is established for Komi the republics. Results of research can be used at correction of the acting Gosprogramma of development of agrarian and industrial complex and development of strategy of development of agrofood sector of the region.

Keywords: market reform, agrarian sector, food self-sufficiency, transformational process, scenario of development, Komi Republic.

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For citation: Ivanov V. A. Transformation of agrarian sector of the northern region during market reforms // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2016. № 1. Р. 52—70.