Issue №4, 2017

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ECONOMY, ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ENTERPRISES, BRANCHES, COMPLEXES

 

Evaluation of the order during the planning of the program of activities of scientific-industrial complex

Е.А. Fedorova, “Universal-Audit” (Tula, Russia)

А.Y. Gorbachev, Central design office machine construction (Tula, Russia)

Basic element of activity of scientific-industrial complex is the works order, connected with development and deployment on the market of innovative goods. The evaluation order allows you to implement efficient and competitive activities research and production complex, thereby increasing its vitality.

Keywords: scientific-industrial complex, order, innovative products.

 References

  1. Mantatov K.D. Tendentsii razvitiya predprinimatel'skoy sfery Rossiyskoy Federatsii pod vliyaniyem tekhnologicheskikh innovatsiy [Trends in the development of the entrepreneurial sphere of the Russian Federation under the influence of technological innovation]. Finansovyye problemy obespecheniya ustoychivogo rosta sovremennoy rossiyskoy ekonomiki: Materialy Mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii / Pod red. prof. Krolivetskoy. [The financial problems of the sustainable growth of the Russian economy: materials of the Interuniversity scientific-practical conference / Under the editorship of Professor Kroleveckiy]. Gatchina: Publishing house LOAF, 2014. 0,19 p.l.
  2. Ponyatiye strategii. Klassifikatsiya strategiy. Vybor strategiy. [The concept of strategy. Classification of strategies. Choice of strategies.] Available at: http://www.ereport.ru/articles/strplan/strategy.htm (accesssed: 20.11.2017)
  3. Prokhorov O.V. Problemy vnedreniya tekhnologicheskikh innovatsiy v kommercheskikh predpriyatiyakh Rossiyskoy Federatsii i vozmozhnyye puti ikh resheniya [Problems of introduction of technological innovation in commercial enterprises of the Russian Federation and possible ways of their solution]. Mezhdunarodnyy nauchno-prakticheskiy simpozium molodykh uchenykh i spetsialistov «Ekonomicheskaya politika sovremennoy Rossii» 23 dekabrya 2013 goda: Materialy simpoziuma. [International scientific-practical symposium of young scientists and specialists "The economic policy of modern Russia". 23 Dec 2013: proceedings of the Symposium.]. SPb.: Publishing house of IMTS "NWS-SPb", 2013. 289 p. 0,31 p.l.
  4. Rossiyskiy statisticheskiy yezhegodnik [Russian statistical yearbook – 2016]. M., 2016. 725 p.
  5. Solonin I.S. Raschet sborochnykh i tekhnologicheskikh razmernykh tsepey [Calculation of assembly and technological dimensional chains]. M.: Mashinostroenie, 1980. 254 p.
  6. Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki [Federal Service of State Statistics]. Available at: http://www.gks.ru (accesssed: 20.11.2017)
  7. Fedorova E.A. K voprosu opredeleniya ekonomicheskoy effektivnosti izobreteniya [To the question of determining the economic efficiency of the invention]. Strukturnye i organizatsionnye problemy upravleniya proizvodstvom. 1981. pp. 112-116
  8. Fedorova T.A. Sistema rynochnykh i vnutrennikh indikatorov strategii formirovaniya stoimosti predpriyatiya [A system of market and internal indicators of the strategy of formation of cost of the enterprise]. Finansy i kredit. 2009. No. 18 (354). pp. 16-25
  9. Förster E., Renz B. Metody korrelyatsionnogo i regressionnogo analiza. Rukovodstvo dlya ekonomistov. / Perevod s nemetskogo i predisloviye V.M. Ivanovoy. [Methods of correlation and regression analysis. A guide for economists. / Translated from German and foreword by V.M. Ivanova]. M.: Finansy i statistika, 1983. 304 p.
  10. Harvard Business Review – Russia. Available at: http://hbr-russia.ru/innovatsii/trendy/ (accesssed: 20.11.2017)

For citation: Fedorova E. A., Gorbachev A. Y. Evaluation of the order during the planning of the program activities of scientific-industrial complex // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 


REGIONAL ECONOMY

 

A problematic approach to the development and deployment of productive forces of the North

V. N. Lazhentsev, The Institute of Social, Economic and Power problems of the North, Komi Scientific Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The article consider a three types of problems with reference to the socio-economic development of the regions of the North of Russia, including its European part. Among the district-complex problems are the problem of the construction of the Belkomur railway and the comprehensive development of its economic zone: for nodal economics – the optimal combination of economic efficiency of production, spatial accessibility of social services and ecological well-being; for territorial-sectoral economics - adaptation of certain types of economic activity to local natural conditions. In order to actualize these problems, a typology of district municipalities and their groupings (intra-oblast economic regions) has been carried out. The problems of the development of the productive forces of the northern regions are focused on supporting territorial and economic complexes, spatially remote industrial centers and the periphery of the rural type. Modernization of these systems is a priority in the social and economic development of the northern and arctic areas.

Keywords: North of Russia, European North of Russia, classification of problems, development priorities, productive forces.

References

  1. Bachilo I.L. Pravovaya osnova resheniya regional'nykh problem (opyt osvoyeniya resursov doliny Tennessi) [The legal basis for solving regional problems (experience in developing the resources of the Tennessee Valley)]. Izvestiya SO AN SSSR. Ser. Region: ekonomika i sotsiologiya. 1990. Issue 1. pp. 54-64.
  2. Dyakov Yu.L. Severnaya ugol'no metallurgicheskaya baza SSSR: vozniknoveniye i razvitiye [The North Coal and Steel Base of the USSR: origin and development]. M.: Mysl’, 1973. 255 p.
  3. Kolosovsky N.N. Problemy territorial'noy organizatsii proizvoditel'nykh sil Sibiri / red. T.M. Kalashnikova [Problems of the territorial organization of the productive forces of Siberia / ed. by T.M. Kalashnikov]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, Sibirskoye otdeleniye, 1971. 200 p.
  4. Krotov V.A. Programma osvoyeniya energeticheskikh resursov r. Angary i formirovaniye territorial'no-proizvodstvennykh kompleksov Pribaykal'ya [Program for development of energy resources of the river. Hangars and the formation of the territorial and production complexes of the Baikal region]. Voprosy ekonomicheskoy geografii Vostochnoy Sibiri [Questions of economic geography of Eastern Siberia]. Irkutsk, 1975. 148 p.
  5. Laverov N.P. Osvaivat' Arktiku slozhneye, chem kosmos [It is more difficult to master the Arctic than the cosmos]. Redkiye zemli. 2014. No. 3. pp. 40-48.
  6. Lazhentsev V.N. Sever Rossii: voprosy prostranstvennogo i territorial'nogo razvitiya [North of Russia: issues of spatial and territorial development]. Syktyvkar: ISEEPS KNC UrO RAN, 2015. 176 p.
  7. Metodologicheskiye polozheniya podgotovki regional'nykh programm razlichnogo urovnya [Methodological provisions for the preparation of regional programs at various levels]. Novosibirsk: IE and OPP SB AN SSSR, 1989. 98 p.
  8. Pilyasov A.N. Arktika Rossii: sostoyaniye i perspektivy [Arctic Russia: state and prospects]. Rossiyskiy sever: modernizatsiya i razvitiye [The Russian North: Modernization and Development]. Moscow: Center of Strategic Partnership, 2012. pp. 18-25.
  9. Preobrazhenskiy V.S. Besedy o sovremennoy fizicheskoy geografii [Conversations about modern physical geography]. M.: Nauka, 1972. 167 p.
  10. Prostranstvennyye i vremennyye tendentsii sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh protsessov na rossiyskom Severe / Otv. red. V.N. Lazhentsev [Spatial and temporal tendencies of socio-economic processes in the Russian North / Ed by V.N. Lazhentsev]. Moscow - Syktyvkar: KNC UrO RAN, 2012. 346 p.
  11. Stroitel'stvo «Belkomura» nachnut v 2018 godu [The construction of "Belkomur" will begin in 2018] Available at: https://www.bnkomi.ru/data/news/56929/ (accessed: 23.11.2017).
  12. Chetyrkin V.М. Problemnyye voprosy ekonomicheskogo rayonirovaniya [Problematic issues of economic zoning]. Tashkent: "FAN" Uzb. SSR, 1967. 123 p.

For citation: Lazhentsev V. N. A problematic approach to the development and deployment of productive forces of the North // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 

 

A problematic approach to the development and deployment of productive forces of the North

V. N. Lazhentsev, The Institute of Social, Economic and Power problems of the North, Komi Scientific Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The article consider a three types of problems with reference to the socio-economic development of the regions of the North of Russia, including its European part. Among the district-complex problems are the problem of the construction of the Belkomur railway and the comprehensive development of its economic zone: for nodal economics – the optimal combination of economic efficiency of production, spatial accessibility of social services and ecological well-being; for territorial-sectoral economics - adaptation of certain types of economic activity to local natural conditions. In order to actualize these problems, a typology of district municipalities and their groupings (intra-oblast economic regions) has been carried out. The problems of the development of the productive forces of the northern regions are focused on supporting territorial and economic complexes, spatially remote industrial centers and the periphery of the rural type. Modernization of these systems is a priority in the social and economic development of the northern and arctic areas.

Keywords: North of Russia, European North of Russia, classification of problems, development priorities, productive forces.

References

  1. Bachilo I.L. Pravovaya osnova resheniya regional'nykh problem (opyt osvoyeniya resursov doliny Tennessi) [The legal basis for solving regional problems (experience in developing the resources of the Tennessee Valley)]. Izvestiya SO AN SSSR. Ser. Region: ekonomika i sotsiologiya. 1990. Issue 1. pp. 54-64.
  2. Dyakov Yu.L. Severnaya ugol'no metallurgicheskaya baza SSSR: vozniknoveniye i razvitiye [The North Coal and Steel Base of the USSR: origin and development]. M.: Mysl’, 1973. 255 p.
  3. Kolosovsky N.N. Problemy territorial'noy organizatsii proizvoditel'nykh sil Sibiri / red. T.M. Kalashnikova [Problems of the territorial organization of the productive forces of Siberia / ed. by T.M. Kalashnikov]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, Sibirskoye otdeleniye, 1971. 200 p.
  4. Krotov V.A. Programma osvoyeniya energeticheskikh resursov r. Angary i formirovaniye territorial'no-proizvodstvennykh kompleksov Pribaykal'ya [Program for development of energy resources of the river. Hangars and the formation of the territorial and production complexes of the Baikal region]. Voprosy ekonomicheskoy geografii Vostochnoy Sibiri [Questions of economic geography of Eastern Siberia]. Irkutsk, 1975. 148 p.
  5. Laverov N.P. Osvaivat' Arktiku slozhneye, chem kosmos [It is more difficult to master the Arctic than the cosmos]. Redkiye zemli. 2014. No. 3. pp. 40-48.
  6. Lazhentsev V.N. Sever Rossii: voprosy prostranstvennogo i territorial'nogo razvitiya [North of Russia: issues of spatial and territorial development]. Syktyvkar: ISEEPS KNC UrO RAN, 2015. 176 p.
  7. Metodologicheskiye polozheniya podgotovki regional'nykh programm razlichnogo urovnya [Methodological provisions for the preparation of regional programs at various levels]. Novosibirsk: IE and OPP SB AN SSSR, 1989. 98 p.
  8. Pilyasov A.N. Arktika Rossii: sostoyaniye i perspektivy [Arctic Russia: state and prospects]. Rossiyskiy sever: modernizatsiya i razvitiye [The Russian North: Modernization and Development]. Moscow: Center of Strategic Partnership, 2012. pp. 18-25.
  9. Preobrazhenskiy V.S. Besedy o sovremennoy fizicheskoy geografii [Conversations about modern physical geography]. M.: Nauka, 1972. 167 p.
  10. Prostranstvennyye i vremennyye tendentsii sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh protsessov na rossiyskom Severe / Otv. red. V.N. Lazhentsev [Spatial and temporal tendencies of socio-economic processes in the Russian North / Ed by V.N. Lazhentsev]. Moscow - Syktyvkar: KNC UrO RAN, 2012. 346 p.
  11. Stroitel'stvo «Belkomura» nachnut v 2018 godu [The construction of "Belkomur" will begin in 2018] Available at: https://www.bnkomi.ru/data/news/56929/ (accessed: 23.11.2017).
  12. Chetyrkin V.М. Problemnyye voprosy ekonomicheskogo rayonirovaniya [Problematic issues of economic zoning]. Tashkent: "FAN" Uzb. SSR, 1967. 123 p.

For citation: Lazhentsev V. N. A problematic approach to the development and deployment of productive forces of the North // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 

 

Management of sustainable tourism development in region

 O.O. Hrechyshkina, Educational Institution «Polessky State University» (Pinsk, Republic of Belarus)

The relevance of research of sustainable tourism development in the regional aspect is justified in the article. The aim of the work is construction a mechanism for the management of sustainable development of regional tourism based on cooperation of authorities with tourism enterprises and increasing their innovative activity. The model of sustainable development of the Republic of Belarus for the period up to 2030 is described. Various aspects of sustainable tourism development are examined. In the article it is proposed to study sustainable tourism development as a set of quantitative and qualitative changes that allow the transition to a higher level of balance of economic, social and environmental development of tourism in the region. The conditions of tourism development in the western regions of the Pripyat Polesie are characterized. Mechanism of management of sustainable tourism development in the region is shown. Expediency of clustering using is founded. Innovative activity is regarded as one of the ways of increasing the level of sustainable development of regional tourism. Directions and kinds of innovations in tourism are given.

Keywords: Sustainable development, tourism, tourism enterprises, region, mechanism, cluster, innovation, innovation activity.

References

  1. Arbuzova K.I. Realizacija principov ustojchivogo razvitija turizma cherez gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo [Implementation of principles of sustainable tourism development through public-private partnership]. Available at: http://www.scienceforum.ru/2014/pdf/3776.pdf (accessed 11.2017)
  2. Vasil'chenko A.O. Formirovanie turisticheskogo klastera kak jelementa ustojchivogo razvitija regiona (na primere Pinskogo Poles'ja) [Formation of tourist cluster as an element of sustainable development of the region (on the example of Pinsk Polesie)]. Chasopys ekonomіchnyh reform, 2017, No. 3 (27). pp. 94–100.
  3. Hrechyshkina O.O. Teoreticheskie aspekty ustojchivogo razvitija turizma [Theoretical aspects of sustainable tourism development]. Ustojchivoe razvitie jekonomiki: sostojanie, problemy, perspektivy: sbornik trudov X mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Sustainable economic development: state, problems, perspectives: proceedings of the X Intern. scientific.-pract. conf]. Pinsk, 2016. pp. 196–198.
  4. Demjanchik V.T., Lysjuk A.I., Sokolovskaja M.G., Demjanchik V.V. Agrojekoturisticheskoe razvitie sel'skih territorij Pripjatskogo Poles'ja [Agro-ecotourism development of rural areas of Pripyat Polissya]. Brest: Al'ternativa, 2014. 152 p.
  5. Zlotnikova A.E., Lebedev E.V. Mezhdunarodnye principy ustojchivogo razvitija turizma (perspektivy primenenija na regional'nom urovne) [International principles of sustainable tourism development (perspectives of application at the regional level)] Sbornik materialov V Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Strategija ustojchivogo razvitija regionov Rossii» [Proceedings of the V Russian scientific-practical conference «Strategy of sustainable development of Russian regions»]. Novosibirsk, 2011. pp. 245–250.
  6. Calinescu T.V., Nedobjega O.O., Natalenko O.M. Innovacii' u social'no-ekonomichnomu rozvytku pidpryjemstv region [Innovation in socio-economic development of enterprises in the region]. Lugans'k: Vyd-vo SNU im. V. Dalja, 2012. 272 p.
  7. Calinescu T. Social'no-ekonomichnyj fenomen rozvytku turyzmu [Socio-economic phenomenon of tourism development]. Galyc'kyj ekonomichnyj visnyk, 2015. No. 2 (49). pp. 34–40.
  8. Kijakbaeva E.G. Social'no-jekonomicheskie mehanizmy ustojchivogo razvitija turizma v regionah Rossii. kand. geogr. nauk. [Socio-economic mechanisms of sustainable tourism development in the regions of Russia]. Moscow, 2015. 147 p.
  9. Masjuto I.A. Mehanizm upravlenija ustojchivym razvitiem jekonomiki regiona. Avtorfererat kand. jekon. nauk. [Mechanism of management of sustainable development of regional economy]. Orenburg, 2014. 24 p.
  10. Nacional'naja strategija ustojchivogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Respubliki Belarus' na period do 2030 goda [National strategy for sustainable socio-economic development of the Republic of Belarus for the period till 2030]. Jekonomicheskij bjulleten' NIJeI Ministerstva jekonomiki Respubliki Belarus', 2015. No. 4. pp. 6–97.
  11. Osypchuk M.D. Mizhnarodnyj turyzm u konteksti modernizacii' zovnishn'oekonomichnoi' dijal'nosti Ukrai'ny na zasadah stalogo rozvytku [International tourism in the context of modernization of foreign economic activity of Ukraine on the principles of sustainable development]. Naukovyj visnyk Hersons'kogo derzhavnogo universytetu. 2014. vyp. 6. ch. 1. pp. 107–111.
  12. Statisticheskij ezhegodnik 2017 [Statistical Yearbook 2017]. Minsk, 2017. 506 p.
  13. Tarasenok A.I., ed. Strategija razvitija jekoturizma destinacii «Pinskoe Poles'e» [Strategy of development of ecotourism of the destination «Pinsk Polesie»]. Brest, 2014. 42 p.
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  15. Hvagina T.A. Agroturisticheskij potencial sel'skih territorij zapadnoj chasti Pripjatskogo Poles'ja [Agrotouristic potential of rural areas in the western part of the Pripyat Polissya]. Materialy V Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Ustojchivoe razvitie jekonomiki: sostojanie, problemy, perspektivy» [Materials of the V International scientific-practical conference «Sustainable development of the economy: state, problems, prospects»]. Pinsk, 2011. pp. 166–169.
  16. Chabanjuk O.V. Innovacionnyj menedzhment v turistskoj destinacii «Moskovskij region» [Innovation management in tourist destinations «Moscow region»]. Moscow: Logos, 2014. 207 p.
  17. Chirskij N.A., Hvagina T.A. Innovacii v jekskursionnoj dejatel'nosti [Innovations in excursion activities]. Turizm i gostepriimstvo, No. 2. pp. 20–27.
  18. Shvec Ju.Ju. Analiz osnovnyh podhodov i tendencij ustojchivogo razvitija sfery turizma [Analysis of the main approaches and trends of sustainable development of the sphere of turism]. Jekonomika i upravlenie, 2011. No. 5. pp. 118–122.
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For citation: Hrechyshkina O. O. Management of sustainable tourism development in region // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 3.

 

 

Main directions and prospects of innovative development of consumer cooperation: regional aspect

O. V. Kotlyachkov, Izhevsk branch of the Russian University of Cooperation (Izhevsk, Russia)

K. V. Pavlov, Izhevsk branch of the Russian University of Cooperation (Izhevsk, Russia) 

In article the analysis of the current state of economy of consumer cooperation in the Udmurt Republic is given and also the main directions of her further development are defined.Come to light socially – economic features of system of consumer cooperation of the region.In article methods of economic statistics are used.Dynamics of the key economic indicators of system of consumer cooperation of Udmurtia is analysed and the prospects of her development in the near future are defined.

Key words: consumer cooperation, Udmurt Republic, current state, social and economic features, innovative development.

References

  1. Grishkina M.V. Istoriya Udmurtii. Pervaya polovina XIX veka. Uchebnik. [History of Udmurtia. The first half of the XIX century. Textbook.] Izhevsk: Publishing House of Udmurtia, 2010. 80 p.
  2. Kapitonova O.A. Ekologiya Udmurtskoy Respubliki. Uchebnoye posobiye. [Ecology of the Udmurt Republic. Tutorial.] Izhevsk: Publishing house "Udmurt University", 2010. 381 p.
  3. Pavlov K.V. Regional'nyye ekologo-ekonomicheskiye sistemy [Regional ecological and economic systems]. M.: Magister, 2009. 382 p.
  4. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoye polozheniye Udmurtskoy Respubliki. Statisticheskiy sbornik. [Social and economic situation of the Udmurt Republic. Statistical collection.] Izhevsk, 2016. 142 p.
  5. Stanovleniye i razvitiye territorial'noy sistemy potrebitel'skoy kooperatsii i otsenka yeyo vliyaniya na funktsionirovaniye ekonomiki regiona (na primere Udmurtskoy respubliki) / pod nauchnoy redaktsiyey K.V. Pavlova i O.V. Kotlyachkova. Kollektivnaya monografiya. [Formation and development of the territorial system of consumer cooperation and assessment of its impact on the functioning of the region's economy (by the example of the Udmurt Republic) / under the scientific version of K.V. Pavlov and O.V. Kotlyachkov. Collective monograph.] Izhevsk: Publishing house "Shelest", 2017. 173 p.

For citation: Kotlyachkov O. V., Pavlov K. V. Main directions and prospects of innovative development of consumer cooperation: regional aspect // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 

 

About criteria for determining the core enterprises in the single-industry towns (Russian and foreign experience)

I.D. Turgel, Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg, Russia)

V.V. Zinovieva, OOO «BiznesResheniya» (Yekaterinburg, Russia)

The article presents the results of a study aimed at comparative analysis of the parameters and definitions of the core enterprises, fixed in the normative legal acts of the Russian Federation (federal and regional level), as well as in the legislation of some CIS countries (Republic of Belarus, Republic of Uzbekistan, Republic of Kazakhstan ). Integrating the analysis of federal legal acts, a cross-regional and trans-territorial approach, the authors formulate the problems of legislative regulation of the criteria of core enterprises existing at all levels of public authorities of the Russian Federation and suggest ways of overcoming them.

Keywords: core enterprises, single-industry towns; government support; comparative analysis; criteria for selection of core enterprises.

 References

  1. Animica E.G., Bochko V.S., Peshina E.V., Animica P.E. Konceptual’nye podhody k razrabotke strategii razvitiya monoprofilnogo goroda [Conceptual approaches to the development of a strategy for the development of a single-industry town]. Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo UrGEHU, 2010. 81 p.
  2. Davankov A.Y., Kolesnik E.A. Diversifikaciya social’no-ehkonomicheskih processov monopromyshlennogo goroda [Diversification of socio-economic processes of a single-industry town]. Available at: http://www.publications.csu.ru/pub/2008/2-1.html (accessed: 04.10.2017)
  3. Zinovieva V.V. Specifika i problemy socialno-ehkonomicheskogo razvitiya zakrytyh monogorodov na primere ZATO g. Ozersk / V kn.: Rossiya i ee regiony v polimasshtabnyh integracionno-dezintegracionnyh processah: materialy mezhdunar. nauch. konf. v ramkah VIII ezhegod. nauch. assamblei Associacii rossijskih geografov-obshchestvovedov [Specificity and problems of social and economic development of closed single-industry cities based on the example of ZATO in Ozersk / In book: Russia and its regions in the multiscale integration and disintegration processes: materials of the international scientific conference in the framework of the VIII annual scientific assembly of the Association of Russian Geographers and Social Scientists]. Perm': Izd-vo Perm. gos. nac. issled. un-t, 2017. pp. 352-357.
  4. Ivashina N.S., Ulyakina N.A. Vektor nauki TGU [Vector of science of TSU]. Seriya «Ekonomika i upravlenie». No. 4 (7). pp. 31-33.
  5. Kryukova O.G., Arsenova E.A. Vliyanie mirovogo finansovogo krizisa na ehkonomiku monogorodov [The impact of the global financial crisis on the economy of single-industry towns]. Available at: http://www.e-c-m.ru/magazine/60/eau_60_13.htm (accessed: 23.09.2017)
  6. Lezhebokov A.A. Problemy realizacii social'noj politiki mestnogo samoupravleniya [Problems of implementation of social policy of local government]. Nauchnye problemy gumanitarnyh issledovanij. No. 12. pp. 72–80.
  7. Lyubovnyj V.Y. Monoprofil'nye goroda v usloviyah krizisa: sostoyanie, problemy, vozmozhnosti reabilitacii [Mono-profile cities in a crisis: condition, problems, opportunities for rehabilitation]. : ZAO «Dortranspechat'», 2009. 110 p.
  8. Maslova A.N. Monogoroda v Rossii: problemy i resheniya [Single-industry towns in Russia: Problems and Solutions]. Kontury global'nyh transformacij: politika, ehkonomika, pravo. No. 5. p. 16.
  9. Neklyudova T.A. Social'no-ehkonomicheskoe vzaimodejstvie v sisteme «gorod-gradoobrazuyushchee predpriyatie»: dis. kand. ekon. nauk [Socio-economic interaction in the system "city - core enterprises": the dissertation of the candidate of economic sciences]. Chelyabinsk, 2005.
  10. Prisyazhnyj M.Y. Genezis i razvitie poselenij Yakutii s preobladayushchimi transportnymi funkciyami [Genesis and development of settlements of Yakutia with prevailing transport functions]. Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya. No. 11. pp. 200-202.
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  12. Tkachev V.N. Nesostoyatel'nost' (bankrotstvo) osobyh kategorij sub"ektov konkursnogo prava: teoreticheskie i prakticheskie problemy pravovogo regulirovaniya [Insolvency (bankruptcy) of special categories of subjects of competition law: theoretical and practical problems of legal regulation]. , 2007. 368 p.
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  14. Turgel I.D., Bozhko L.L., Syuj L. Gosudarstvennaya podderzhka razvitiya monogorodov Rossii i Kazahstana [Government support for the development of single-industry towns in Russia and Kazakhstan]. Finansy: teoriya i praktika. No. 2. pp. 22-32.
  15. Fokin V.Y. Ponyatijno-terminologicheskie problemy social'nogo upravleniya sel'skimi monoprofil'nymi territoriyami [Conceptual and terminological problems of social management of rural monoprofile territories]. Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya. 2017. No. 1. pp. 22-27.
  16. Dinius O. J. Company Towns in the Americas. Landscape, Power, and Working-Class. University of Georgia Press, 2011. 241 p.
  17. Garner, J.S. The Company Town: Architecture and Society in the Early Industrial Age. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. 256 p.
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For citation: Turgel I. D., Zinovieva V. V. About criteria for determining the core enterprises in the single-industry towns (Russian and foreign experience) // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 

 

Concentration of population is a inequality factor of forming and realizing regional labor potential

M.N. Makarova, Institute of Economics Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Yekaterinburg, Russia)

O.A. Pishmintseva, Institute of Economics Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Yekaterinburg, Russia)

The paper presents the methodical tools to estimate inequality of regional labor potential reproduction based on spatial disparities of population distribution. The authors hypothesize that intensifying agglomeration flows contribute greatly to concentration of population around big cities and encourage inequality of regional labor potential reproduction. The first part of the research presents the authors’ interpretation of labor potential and highlights the importance of its demographic component, which includes both natural reproduction, and migratory movement of population. The second part of the research proposes the methodical tools to estimate spatial disparities of regional labor potential reproduction. The authors display that concentration of population around big cities has been increasing during last 5 years. Moreover, governmental policy of agglomerations should enhance the concentration of population that is a crucial reason for strengthening spatial disparities of regional labor potential formation and realization. Thus, the regional executives need to pay great attention for this issue.

Keywords: inequality, population, labor potential, region, agglomeration, index of concentration.

References

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For citation: Makarova M. N., Pishmintseva O. A. Concentration of population is a inequality factor of forming and realizing regional labor potential // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 

 

Borders and cross-border cooperation in Russia as a result of globalization challenges

S.V. Kuznetsov, The Institute of Regional Economy Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg, Russia)

N.M. Mezhevich, The Institute of Regional Economy Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg, Russia)

S.A. Tkachev, State Institution of Higher Education «Komi Republican Academy of State Service and Administration» (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The article explores the evolution of the status and functions of borders. The aim of the study is to analyze the concepts of sovereignty in changing external conditions and to correlate their evolution with the changing functions and status of borders. New interpretations of sovereignty as categories of the determining model of economic development are revealed. The role of the economy in the formation of mobile, multifactor, unstable borders is shown. Diagnostics of key types of the globalization process that have a systemic effect on the character of the development of border regions has been carried out. Based on this, a typology of the border regions of Europe is proposed, which have an impact on the social and economic development of the border regions of Russia.

Keywords: national state, cross-border cooperation, sovereignty, globalization, regional development.

References

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For citation: Kuznetsov S. V., Mezhevich N. M., Tkachev S. A. Borders and cross-border cooperation in Russia as a result of globalization challenges // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 


МARKETING

 

The influence of website usability on the customer satisfaction of online store

D.V. Martsulevich, Saint Petersburg State University of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

This study investigated relationships among customer satisfaction, website usability, design, technical characteristics of the online store, possibilities for feedback, perceived security of the online store, the conditions and quality of delivery and perceived prices. The model was tested on a sample (n = 282 respondents). We used the structural equation method (SEM) and partial least squares (PLS) to test our hypotheses. The results show that the satisfaction of consumers in e-commerce in the order of importance is affected by: conditions and quality of delivery, the factor of ease of perception and search (first subfactor of usability), security, the ease of use (second subfactor of usability), website design, price. Also we revealed dependencies between subfactors of usability and perceived security, reputation, design of the online store. The discussion of the results and limitations of the method are presented.

Keywords: e-commerce, online store, digital marketing, usability, customer experience, interface, navigation.

References

  1. Arenkov I.A. Marketingovoe upravlenie kompaniej: klientoorientirovannye biznes-modeli i cifrovye tehnologii [Marketing Company Management: Client-Oriented Business-Models and Digital Technologies]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki ‒ Problems of Modern Economics. 2015. No. 1, pp. 161-162.
  2. Belousova V., Chichkanov N. Mobil'nyj banking v Rossii: stimuly pol'zovatelej k adaptacii [Mobile Banking in Russia: User Intention towards Adoption]. Forsajt ‒ Foresight. 2015. Vol. 9. No. 3, pp. 26-39.
  3. Zlygostev V.U. Sravnitel'nyj analiz effektivnosti ispol'zovanija elektronnoj kommercii s primeneniem internet-marketinga na primere internet-sajtov komp'juternyh magazinov [Comparative Analysis of the Effectiveness of E-Commerce Using Internet Marketing on the Example of Sites of Electronics’ Retailers]. Innovacii v sovremennoj nauke ‒ Materialy XII Mezhdunarodnogo vesennego simpoziuma (31 May 2016). [Proc. 12th Int.Symp. “Innovations in modern science”]. Moscow: Pero Publ., 2016. 254 p.
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  5. Kuznecov, A.M., Martynov V.V. Trebovanija k graficheskomu dizajnu i uzabiliti obrazovatel'nyh portalov [Requirements for Graphic Design and Usability of Educational Portals]. Internet-portaly: soderzhanie i tehnologii: sb. nauch. trud. [Proc. Conf. “Internet portals: Content and Technology”]. Moscow: Prosveshhenie Publ., 2003. Vol. 1. pp. 365-420.
  6. Martsulevich D.V. Razrabotka shkaly dlja ocenki udobstva ispol'zovanija (uzabiliti) internet-magazinov [Assessing the Usability of Online Stores: Scale Development]. Konkurentosposobnost' v global'nom mire: ekonomika, nauka, tehnologii ‒ Competitiveness in the Global World: Economy, Science, Technology. 2017. No. 7 (2). pp. 97-104.
  7. Nikishkin V.V., Tverdohlebova M.D. Internet-marketing kompanii i ee imidzhevaja sostavljajushhaja na rynke B2B [Company’s Internet Marketing and Image-Building Component in B2B Market]. Informacionnoe obshhestvo ‒ Information Society. 2014. No. 4, pp. 42-59.
  8. Pinchuk A.V. Metody obosnovanija koncepcij marketinga i ocenki jekonomicheskoj jeffektivnosti ih ispol'zovanija. Dis. kand. ekon. nauk [Methods of Substantiating Marketing Concepts and Assessing the Economic Efficiency of their Use. PhD econ. science diss.]. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University of Economics Publ., 2014. 151 p.
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  12. Jakunin, A.V. Web-uzabiliti i ergonomika internet-SMI: ucheb. posobie. [Web Usability and Ergonomics of Online Mass Media]. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University Publ., 2015. 94 p.
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  15. Blut, M. E-Service Quality: Development of a Hierarchical Model. Journal of Retailing. N 92 (4). pp. 500-517.
  16. Casaló, L.V., Flavián, C., Guinalíu, M. Generating Trust and Satisfaction in E-services: The Impact of Usability on Consumer Behavior. Journal of Relationship Marketing. N 9 (4). pp. 247-263.
  17. Casaló, L.V., Flavián, C., Guinalíu, M. The Role of Satisfaction and Website Usability in Developing Customer Loyalty and Positive Word-of-Mouth in the E-banking Services. International Journal of Bank Marketing. No. 26 (6). pp. 399-417.
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  19. Christophersen, T., Konradt, U. Development and Validation of a Formative and a Reflective Measure for the Assessment of Online Store Usability. Behaviour & Information Technology. Vol. 31, No. 9. pp. 839-857.
  20. Davis, F.D. Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology. MIS Quarterly. Vol. 13 (3). pp. 319–340.
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For citation: Martsulevich D. V. The influence of website usability on the customer satisfaction of online store // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 3.

 


FINANCE, MONEY AND CREDIT

 

Financial resources of the enterprises in economy of Russia and its northern regions

M.M. Styrov, Institute of Social-Economical and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Center, Ural Division of Russian Academy of Sciences (Syktyvkar, Russia)

In the article the analysis of key parameters of financial resources of the enterprises of economy of Russia for 2003-2015 according to official figures of the consolidated financial statements is made. Features of economic changes during the periods of crises are shown. Specificity of dynamics of financial resources of the enterprises in regions of the North is revealed.

Keywords: Financial resources, branches, enterprises, profitability, northern regions.

References

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For citation: Styrov M. M. Financial resources of the enterprises in economy of Russia and its northern regions // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 3.

 


LABOR ECONOMICS

 

Approaches to the assessment of labor potential (on the example of the Eastern Economic Zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia))

A.V. Mikhaylova, North-East Federal University of M. K. Ammosov (Yakutsk, Russia)

O.D. Romanova, North-East Federal University of M. K. Ammosov (Yakutsk, Russia)

K.D. Barashkova, North-East Federal University of M. K. Ammosov (Yakutsk, Russia)

In this article we analysed various approaches to methodology and criteria of an assessment of labor potential on the example of one of economic zones of the largest subject of the Russian Federation. Campaigns to an assessment of labor capacity of the region were generalized. We drew a conclusion that the problem of realization of an integrated approach in research of labor capacity of the region, is connected with need of its studying at various levels of formation and development, reproduction and realization of labor potential as an important component of national economic system, in our case of East economic zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Factors of labor capacity of the region are its elements which in total and form his identity, quality and efficiency. Factors influence all spheres of social and economic and production aspects of life of the region and municipalities. As object of research the statistical data reflecting the characteristic of a manpower of Tomponsky, Ust-Maysky and Oymyakonsky municipal areas of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) acted. The market of a manpower of East economic zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is characterized by seasonality, insufficient development of social infrastructure and unemployment rate in the village, and also deficiency of experts in housing-and-municipal sector, education and health care, caused by an overflow of experts from these branches in informal sectors of economy because of imperfection of system of compensation. The high need for experts with the higher education and on working professions taking into account seasonal workers is observed. Dynamic ranks of indicators for the last 10 years are analysed and the generalizing conclusions for development of practical recommendations about development of state programs in the field of employment of the population, decrease in unemployment rate and change of a structural disproportion, and also program scenarios of development are drawn.

Keywords: Labor capacity of the region, labor market, employment, state regulation of labor market, forecast of development of labor market.

References

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For citation: Mikhaylova A. V., Romanova O. D., Barashkova K. D. Approaches to the assessment of labor potential (on the example of the Eastern Economic Zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)) // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 


ECONOMY POPULATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC

 

Measurement of factors determining modern tendencies of birth rate in the Northern regions of Russia

M.A. Shishkina, Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North Komi Scientific Centre, Ural Branch of the RAS (Syktyvkar, Russia)

The article is devoted to the measuring of role the factors of age structure and intensity of birth rate in the formation of its dynamics in the northern regions of Russia. To that end, the methods of direct standardization and decomposition of increment the special fertility rate on components were used. The calculation allow to define, that the average contribution of fertility intensity in the formation the dynamics of special fertility rate was higher, than average contribution of structural factor in all Russian northern regions in 2007-2016, in which the modern measures of demographic policy were acting. Revealed, that the intensity of fertility of women in middle age reproductive group increased most significantly. Defined, that in the North of Russia the factor of age structure started to affect adversely on birth rate earlier than on the whole In Russia. The author concludes, that on the eve of aggravation the adversely affect of the age structure on birth rate, prolongation and strengthening the state demographic policy is becoming actual not only by reason of providing the social support of families with minor children, but also in mind of necessity to prevent it the deep decreasing.  

Keywords: birth rate, intensity of fertility, age structure of the population, demographic policy, northern regions of Russia.

References

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  14. Shabunova A.A., Kalachikova O.N. K otsenke effektivnosti stimulirovaniya rozhdayemosti (na materialakh Vologodskoy oblasti) [To the assessment of efficiency of birth rate stimulation (by materials of the Vologda region)]. Demograficheskie processy na postsovetskom prostranstve: sbornik materialov VI Ural'skogo demograficheskogo foruma s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem [Demographic processes on post-Soviet space: collection of materials the VI Ural Demographic Forum with international participation].Yekaterinburg. Vol. 1. 2015. pp. 377-384.

For citation: Shishkina M. A. Measurement of factors determining modern tendencies of birth rate in the Northern regions of Russia // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 

 

Assessing the impact of socio-demographic factors on the differentiation of incomes

A.G. Shelomentsev, The Institute of Economics at the Russian Academy of Sciences (Ural branch) (Yekaterinburg, Russia)

O.A. Kozlova, The Institute of Economics at the Russian Academy of Sciences (Ural branch) (Yekaterinburg, Russia)

K.S. Goncharova, The Institute of Economics at the Russian Academy of Sciences (Ural branch) (Yekaterinburg, Russia)

The article presents the results of the assessment of the existence and nature of the relationship between the indicators of differentiation of incomes of the population (the coefficient of funds and the Gini index) and socio-demographic factors: the sex-age structure, the share of urban and rural population in the total population, the migration dynamics of the region, the level of labor qualification. The urgency of the work is conditioned by the fact that at present the level of differentiation of incomes of the population in Russia is one of the highest among the developed countries of Europe and America and is close to the values ​​in the countries: El Salvador, Congo, Gabon, which causes serious concern, as the further growth of the indicator may affect the reduction of the socio-economic stability of our state. The results of the study are the establishment of the presence and nature of the links between the factors studied and the degree of inequality in the regions, as well as their possible explanation, by analyzing the degree of industry diversification, the level of wages, employed and the unemployed population of the regions.

Keywords: income differentiation, inequality, socio-demographic factors.

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For citation: Shelomentsev A. G., Kozlova O. A., Goncharova K.S. Assessing the impact of socio-demographic factors on the differentiation of incomes // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4.

 


BUSINESS CASES

 

Corporate conflicts related to violation of corporate law by the management of Shakhta Vorgashorskaya JSC

A. P. Shihverdiev, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Pitirim Sorokin Syktyvkar State University» (Syktyvkar, Russia)

This case consider the real corporate conflict that arose due to the increase of the authorized capital in Shakhta Vorgashorskaya JSC. The case is recommended for discussion in the study groups for students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs on disciplines “Strategic Management”, “Corporate Law and Audit”, “Corporate Management”, “Effective Management”.The case aims to attain the following learning outcomes: to analyze of the effectiveness of decisions made by the company's management; to assess of compliance risks in the company; to identify of the main causes of violation of corporate law by the company's management; the identify the causes of corporate conflicts; to develop a strategy to prevent corporate conflicts.

Keywords: board of directors, corporate conflicts, corporate law, corporate management, shareholders, authorized capital, compliance risks.

References

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For citation: Shihverdiev A. P. Corporate conflicts related to violation of corporate law by the management of Shakhta Vorgashorskaya JSC // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 3.