Issue №4, 2017



A problematic approach to the development and deployment of productive forces of the North


V. N. Lazhentsev, The Institute of Social, Economic and Power problems of the North, Komi Scientific Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Syktyvkar, Russia)

Full article 

The article consider a three types of problems with reference to the socio-economic development of the regions of the North of Russia, including its European part. Among the district-complex problems are the problem of the construction of the Belkomur railway and the comprehensive development of its economic zone: for nodal economics – the optimal combination of economic efficiency of production, spatial accessibility of social services and ecological well-being; for territorial-sectoral economics - adaptation of certain types of economic activity to local natural conditions. In order to actualize these problems, a typology of district municipalities and their groupings (intra-oblast economic regions) has been carried out. The problems of the development of the productive forces of the northern regions are focused on supporting territorial and economic complexes, spatially remote industrial centers and the periphery of the rural type. Modernization of these systems is a priority in the social and economic development of the northern and arctic areas.

Keywords: North of Russia, European North of Russia, classification of problems, development priorities, productive forces.


  1. Bachilo I.L. Pravovaya osnova resheniya regional'nykh problem (opyt osvoyeniya resursov doliny Tennessi) [The legal basis for solving regional problems (experience in developing the resources of the Tennessee Valley)]. Izvestiya SO AN SSSR. Ser. Region: ekonomika i sotsiologiya. 1990. Issue 1. pp. 54-64.
  2. Dyakov Yu.L. Severnaya ugol'no metallurgicheskaya baza SSSR: vozniknoveniye i razvitiye [The North Coal and Steel Base of the USSR: origin and development]. M.: Mysl’, 1973. 255 p.
  3. Kolosovsky N.N. Problemy territorial'noy organizatsii proizvoditel'nykh sil Sibiri / red. T.M. Kalashnikova [Problems of the territorial organization of the productive forces of Siberia / ed. by T.M. Kalashnikov]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, Sibirskoye otdeleniye, 1971. 200 p.
  4. Krotov V.A. Programma osvoyeniya energeticheskikh resursov r. Angary i formirovaniye territorial'no-proizvodstvennykh kompleksov Pribaykal'ya [Program for development of energy resources of the river. Hangars and the formation of the territorial and production complexes of the Baikal region]. Voprosy ekonomicheskoy geografii Vostochnoy Sibiri [Questions of economic geography of Eastern Siberia]. Irkutsk, 1975. 148 p.
  5. Laverov N.P. Osvaivat' Arktiku slozhneye, chem kosmos [It is more difficult to master the Arctic than the cosmos]. Redkiye zemli. 2014. No. 3. pp. 40-48.
  6. Lazhentsev V.N. Sever Rossii: voprosy prostranstvennogo i territorial'nogo razvitiya [North of Russia: issues of spatial and territorial development]. Syktyvkar: ISEEPS KNC UrO RAN, 2015. 176 p.
  7. Metodologicheskiye polozheniya podgotovki regional'nykh programm razlichnogo urovnya [Methodological provisions for the preparation of regional programs at various levels]. Novosibirsk: IE and OPP SB AN SSSR, 1989. 98 p.
  8. Pilyasov A.N. Arktika Rossii: sostoyaniye i perspektivy [Arctic Russia: state and prospects]. Rossiyskiy sever: modernizatsiya i razvitiye [The Russian North: Modernization and Development]. Moscow: Center of Strategic Partnership, 2012. pp. 18-25.
  9. Preobrazhenskiy V.S. Besedy o sovremennoy fizicheskoy geografii [Conversations about modern physical geography]. M.: Nauka, 1972. 167 p.
  10. Prostranstvennyye i vremennyye tendentsii sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh protsessov na rossiyskom Severe / Otv. red. V.N. Lazhentsev [Spatial and temporal tendencies of socio-economic processes in the Russian North / Ed by V.N. Lazhentsev]. Moscow - Syktyvkar: KNC UrO RAN, 2012. 346 p.
  11. Stroitel'stvo «Belkomura» nachnut v 2018 godu [The construction of "Belkomur" will begin in 2018] Available at: (accessed: 23.11.2017).
  12. Chetyrkin V.М. Problemnyye voprosy ekonomicheskogo rayonirovaniya [Problematic issues of economic zoning]. Tashkent: "FAN" Uzb. SSR, 1967. 123 p.

For citation: Lazhentsev V. N. A problematic approach to the development and deployment of productive forces of the North // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4. P. 20-28.