Issue №4, 2017

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Approaches to the assessment of labor potential (on the example of the Eastern Economic Zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia))

 

A. V. Mikhaylova, North-East Federal University of M. K. Ammosov (Yakutsk, Russia)

O. D. Romanova, North-East Federal University of M. K. Ammosov (Yakutsk, Russia)

K. D. Barashkova, North-East Federal University of M. K. Ammosov (Yakutsk, Russia)

Full article 

In this article we analysed various approaches to methodology and criteria of an assessment of labor potential on the example of one of economic zones of the largest subject of the Russian Federation. Campaigns to an assessment of labor capacity of the region were generalized. We drew a conclusion that the problem of realization of an integrated approach in research of labor capacity of the region, is connected with need of its studying at various levels of formation and development, reproduction and realization of labor potential as an important component of national economic system, in our case of East economic zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Factors of labor capacity of the region are its elements which in total and form his identity, quality and efficiency. Factors influence all spheres of social and economic and production aspects of life of the region and municipalities. As object of research the statistical data reflecting the characteristic of a manpower of Tomponsky, Ust-Maysky and Oymyakonsky municipal areas of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) acted. The market of a manpower of East economic zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is characterized by seasonality, insufficient development of social infrastructure and unemployment rate in the village, and also deficiency of experts in housing-and-municipal sector, education and health care, caused by an overflow of experts from these branches in informal sectors of economy because of imperfection of system of compensation. The high need for experts with the higher education and on working professions taking into account seasonal workers is observed. Dynamic ranks of indicators for the last 10 years are analysed and the generalizing conclusions for development of practical recommendations about development of state programs in the field of employment of the population, decrease in unemployment rate and change of a structural disproportion, and also program scenarios of development are drawn.

Keywords: Labor capacity of the region, labor market, employment, state regulation of labor market, forecast of development of labor market.

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For citation: Mikhaylova A. V., Romanova O. D., Barashkova K. D. Approaches to the assessment of labor potential (on the example of the Eastern Economic Zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)) // Corporate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2017. № 4. P. 104-117.