Issue №1, 2019



Statistical analysis of the labor resources of the agrarian sector of the region

T. D. Degtyareva, Orenburg State Agrarian University (Orenburg, Rossia)

E. A. Chulkova, Orenburg State Agrarian University (Orenburg, Rossia)

A. A. Neyfeld, SKB-BANK (Orenburg, Rossia)

Full article 

DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2019-1-84-91

P. 84–91.

The problem of formation of labor resources in agricultural production is of particular importance when solving the tasks of import substitution on the basis of innovative development in this sector of the Russian economy. In this regard, a study of the state of the labor resources of agriculture in the region is relevant. The article suggests a system-industry approach to the study of the state of the labor resources of the agricultural sector and a scheme for analyzing them. The methods includes an analysis of the factors that determine the trends in the development of agriculture in the region and its labor resources, as well as an assessment of their impact on the volume of agricultural products. The analysis is carried out based on statistical methods. On the example of the Orenburg region revealed a tendency to reduce the number of rural population in municipalities, which directly affects the reduction of the labor force of the territory. There is also a trend of annual decline in the number of people actually working in the agroindustrial complex as a whole and in agriculture. The influence of the main components of labor resources on the volume of agricultural production in the region based on multidimensional regression analysis is revealed. Identified components that have a direct and feedback to the result. It is shown that the increase in the share of employment in the processing and food industry is a positive phenomenon in agribusiness, as it contributes to increasing the efficiency of the agro-industrial complex as a production system. The identified trends and constructed models can be used to justify decisions in the strategic and program-oriented management of the agricultural sector in the region. In the future, further research is needed to determine the optimal proportions of the categories of labor resources under consideration.

Keywords: agrarian sector, labor resources, region, econometric models, structural-time analysis.


  1. Shutkov A. A., Shutkov S. A. Resursno-innovacionnaya strategiya importozame-shcheniya: problemy formirovaniya i realizacii [Resource-innovation strategy of import substitution: problems of formation and realization]. Ehkonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii [Economics of Agriculture in Russia], 2016, no. 1, pp. 11–19. (In Russian).
  2. Ushachev I. G. Sovremennye tendencii i vzglyad v budushchee razvitiya APK Rossii [Modern trends and a look into the future development of the agro-industrial complex of Russia]. Prikladnye ehkonomicheskie issledovaniya [Applied Economic Research], 2017, no. 2(18), pp. 4–7. (In Russian).
  3. Degtyareva T. D., Chulkova E. A., Mursalimov M. M., et al. Sistemnoe issledovanie agrarnogo proizvodstva kak garanta prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti regiona [The system study of agricultural production as the guarantor of food security in the region]. Orenburg, Orenburgskij GAU, OOO IPK «Universitet» [Orenburg State Agrarian University Press, LLC «University»], 2017, 178 p. (In Russian).
  4. Chulkova E. A. Regional'naya agrosistema: dinamika, struktura, vzaimosvyazi processov [Regional agrosystem: dynamics, structure, interrelations of processes]. Intellekt. Innovacii. Investicii [Intellect. Innovation. Investments], 2017, no. 9, pp. 4– 9. (In Russian).
  5. Autor, D. H., 2014. Skills, education, and the rise of earnings inequality among the «other 99 percent». American Association for the Advancement of science, 344. Date Views 18.01.2019.
  6. Grant R. M., 2013. Contemporary Strategy Analysis. Text and Cases Publisher: 8th Edition. Wiley, pp: 842.
  7. Novikov V. G., Streltsov V. Ya., Chaly V. S. Vosproizvodstvo i ispol'zovanie chelovecheskogo kapitala v sel'skom hozyajstve [Reproduction and use of human capital in agriculture]. APK: ehkonomika, upravlenie [AIC: Economy, Management], 2014, no. 10, pp. 74–80. (In Russian).
  8. Belyaeva E. S. Problemy trudovyh resursov v sel'skoj mestnosti Rossii [Problems of labor resources in rural Russia]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo. Seriya Social'nye nauki [Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod University named after N. I. Lobachevsky. Series: Social Sciences], 2009, no. 4(16), pp. 30–36. (In Russian).
  9. Devyatkina Т. V. O problemah formirovaniya kvalificirovannyh konkurentospo-sobnyh kadrov dlya APK [On the problems of formation of qualified competitive personnel for the agro-industrial complex]. Ehkonomicheskie nauki [Economic sciences], 2014, no. 1(110), pp. 93–98. (In Russian).
  10. Erokhin S. M. Vosproizvodstvo chelovecheskogo kapitala v sel'skom hozyajstve: tendencii i problemy [Reproduction of human capital in agriculture: trends and problems]. Ehkonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva i pererabatyvayushchih predpriyatij [Economics of Agriculture and Processing Enterprises], 2007, no. 3, pp. 42–44. (In Russian).
  11. Efimov V. A., Solonko I. V. Potrebnosti obshchestva i problemy vosproizvodstva trudovogo potenciala APK i sel'skih territorij [The needs of society and the problems of reproduction of the labor potential of the agro-industrial complex and rural areas]. Ehkonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva i pererabatyvayushchih predpriyatij [Economics of agricultural and processing enterprises], 2008, no. 9, pp. 63–66. (In Russian).
  12. Pankov N. V., Dubitsky V. V., Bautin V. M. Innovacionnomu agroproizvodstvu – kvalificirovannye kadry [Innovative agricultural production – qualified personnel]. Ehkonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii [Economics of Agriculture in Russia], 2013, no. 7–8, pp. 18–29. (In Russian).
  13. Vlasova Т. А. Usloviya formirovaniya i ocenka sostoyaniya kadrovogo potenciala agrarnogo sektora ehkonomiki [Conditions for the formation and assessment of the state of human resources in the agricultural sector of the economy]. Regional'naya ehkonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional economy: theory and practice], 2016, no. 12, pp. 107–121. (In Russian).
  14. Shumakov Yu. N., Tushkanov M. P. Trudovye resursy sela: sostoyanie i perspektivy [Labor resources of the village: state and prospects]. Ehkonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii [Economics of Agriculture in Russia], 2015, no. 7, pp. 74–77. (In Russian).
  15. Zingales, L., 2017. Towards a Political Theory of the Firm. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 3: 113–130.
  16. Demchenko, I., Iatsukh, O., 2018. The Problem of Unprofitable Activity of Enterprises in Ukraine. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 2: 64–69, doi:–0742/2018–4–2–64–69.
  17. Dolgushkin N. K., Matskulyak D. I. Agropromyshlennye otnosheniya: nauchnye ocherki [Agro-industrial relations: scientific essays]. Moscow: Fond «Ekonomika» [«Economics» Foundation], 2012, 200 p. (In Russian).
  18. Belkin V. N., Belkina N. A., Antonova O. A. Innovacionnaya aktivnost' menedzherov predpriyatij kak uslovie razvitiya trudovogo potenciala regiona [Innovative activity of managers of enterprises as a condition for the development of the labor potential of the region]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of the region], 2018, no. 4, pp. 1327–1340. (In Russian), doi: 10.17059 / 2018–4–21.
  19. Scarborough, H., Elias, J., 2002. Evaluating Human Capital. GB: CIPD, рр: 71.
  20. Davenport, T. H., Prusak, L., 2000. Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What They Know. Boston, MA: Havard Business School Press, рp: 224.

For citation: Degtyareva T. D., Chulkova E. A., Neyfeld A. A. Statistical analysis of the labor resources of the agrarian sector of the region. Corporate Governance and Innovative Economic Development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University, 2019, no. 1, pp. 84–91. DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2019-1-84-91 (In Russian).