Issue №2, 2020

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On the formation of state policy in the field of environmental education as a key to the successful formation of habitat in the protected Arctic

 

DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2020-2-55-61

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Kadochnikov A. N. – PhD in Physics and mathematics, Head of Environmental policy department Pushkin Leningrad State University, St. Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Morgunenko-Kramar I. D. – Master of Political sciences St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The Arctic is the resource and economic potential of the Russian Federation, the civilizational reserve of all mankind. Russia has huge spaces in the Arctic zone (almost 3 million sq km, of which more than 2.2 million sq km of land with a population of only 2.5 million people, that is in turn more than half of the population of the entire Arctic). Specially protected natural areas (further – PAs) play a key role in biodiversity conservation – in ensuring a favorable future for next generations. Does this mean that these huge areas should be completely taken out of economic activities if Russian Arctic provides 11 % of Russia's national income and 22 % of national exports? No, it doesn't. Environmental awareness through education and culture can more successful in ensuring suitable environment for both indigenous and newcomers without compromising conservation than just the improvement of the environmental legislation. Such examples are found in European countries and North America, although the citizens’ law-abidingness is much higher there. In the Arctic we are close to the point of irreversible destruction of natural ecosystems and disruption of the future generations life support basis. Numerous problems have been accumulated over the past 80 years stemming from decades of thoughtless and uncontrolled economic development without taking into account environmental factors. Therefore, it is necessary to work diligently and purposefully to repair the damage done to the natural environment and prevent their deterioration in the future. The Arctic is not a strict nature reserve, but is a territory of special status, which requires special behavior of of citizens and society, based on the principles of environmental awareness.

Keywords: Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, environmental policy, ecosystems, environmental consciousness, environmental education and awareness.

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For citation: Kadochnikov A. N., Morgunenko-Kramar Ia. D. On the formation of state policy in the field of environmental education as a key to the successful formation of habitat in the protected Arctic // Corporate Governance and Innovative Economic Development of the North: Bulletin of Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Investment of Syktyvkar State University. 2020. No. 2. P. 55–61. DOI: 10.34130/2070- 4992-2020-2-55-61.