Issue №1, 2021

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Sustainable development of small and medium-sized cities in the Russian North: review of works — approaches — practices

 

DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-1-41

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Fauzer V. V. — Doctor of Economics, Professor, Chief Researcher, Head of Laboratory of demography and social management, Institute for Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Federal Research Centre «Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences», Syktyvkar, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Lytkina T. S. — PhD in Sociology, Senior Researcher, Institute for Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Federal Research Centre «Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences», Syktyvkar, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Smirnov A. V. — PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher, Institute for Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Federal Research Centre «Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences», Syktyvkar, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Fauzer G. N. — Researcher, Institute for SocioEconomic and Energy Problems of the North, Federal Research Centre «Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences», Syktyvkar, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article examines the concepts of sustainable development from the first messages of the Club of Rome to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Of the 17 goals announced in Agenda 2030, the article focuses on goal 11, the essence of which is to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. It is shown that the spatial goals of economic development in the North cannot be achieved by the automatic action of the market. They require a special policy, namely, the arrangement of the territory and the development of infrastructure. These processes should become the basis for a new type of policy that meets the conditions of a developed social market economy. The main feature of this policy should be the implementation of the leading role of cities as subjects of the transition to sustainable development. The principles of sustainable development of cities and towns were laid down in the 1994 Aalborg Charter: “European Cities and Towns Towards Sustainability”. Cities play a key role in the process of changing the lifestyle of the population, patterns of production and consumption, the spatial structure of settlement and production location. The authors prove that in the settlement system of the Russian North, a special place is occupied by small and medium-sized cities, which constitute the main frame of the population of the territory, smooth out the unevenness and sparseness of settlement, increase the cohesion of settlements, to provide them with economic and social interactions. The object of the study is small and medium-sized cities of 13 regions of Russia. The subject of this research is the sustainable development of small and medium-sized cities in the Russian North. The goal of study is to show the opportunity and conditions that ensure the sustainable development of small and medium-sized cities. Contrary to the opinion of most researchers that the sustainable development of cities is determined by their size: the larger the city, the higher its sustainability, the authors put forward a hypothesis that both small and medium-sized cities can be sustainable. It is necessary to develop a methodology to assess the degree of «saturation» of territories with small and medium-sized cities.

Keywords: Russian North, small and medium-sized cities, settlement system, demography, population, sustainable development.

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For citation: Fauzer V. V., Lytkina T. S., Smirnov A. V., Fauzer G. N. Sustainable development of small and medium-sized cities in the Russian North: review of works — approaches — practices // Corporate Governance and Innovative Economic Development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Investment of Syktyvkar State University. 2021. Vol. 1, issue 1. Р. 41—57. DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-1-41.