Issue №1, 2021

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Two-level concept of the object of cultural studies: topical issues of theory

 

DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-1-109

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Kargapolov Y. P. — Doctor of Pedagogics, Professor Khanty-Mansiysk State Medical Academy, Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article analyzes the two-level concept of the object of cultural studies; the object of cultural science as a metascience and the object of study of other scientific disciplines studying individual elements of culture (sociology, anthropology, history, psychology, art history, folk art, etc.) or culture as a whole (philosophy of culture) is studied; the main characteristics of the object. Culture as a phenomenon is understood in a broad and narrow sense. In a broad sense, culture is everything that is done by the hands and mind of a person throughout the entire history of the existence of mankind and the process of doing itself; in a narrow sense, these are separate facets, sides and elements of the results of human activity and the very process of this activity. It is noted that the main characteristics of the object of cultural studies at the upper level are such as abstractness, integrity, consistency, scale, length. The main characteristics of an object at the lower level of culturological knowledge are such as specifity, fragmentation, inclusion in the upper level object, dynamism. Historically, at the first stage of the development of culturological knowledge, the philosophy of culture, the history of culture, anthropology, the sociology of culture, art history and other sciences, where the object of research were individual aspects and facets of culture, were rapidly developed. However, science is developing and there is a need to study culture as a complex in dynamics, as a system. Therefore, the need naturally arose to form the upper level of cultural studies, that is, as a metascience. Actualization of the object of culturological research is related to the interests of a culturologist, depends on the goals and objectives of cultural studies at both the upper and lower levels. The aim of the study was to develop a two-level model of the object of cultural studies. The main research methods were a systematic approach and a method of theoretical analysis and generalization. The research contributes to the development of the theory of the methodology of cultural studies. Scope: theory and methodology of cultural studies. Line of research: substantiation of a two-level model of methodology for cultural studies.

Keywords: culture, object, cultural studies as metascience; levels of culturological knowledge; characteristics of the object of cultural studies; two-level concept of the object of cultural studies.

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For citation: Kargapolov Y. P. Two-level concept of the object of cultural studies: (topical issues of theory) // Corporate Governance and Innovative Economic Development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Investment of Syktyvkar State University. 2021. Vol. 1, issue 1. Р. 109—116. DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-1-109.