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Competition: spiritual sources and directions of development of ideas

DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2019-4-108-115

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Styrov M. M. – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Financial and Eco-nomic Problems, Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Scientific Center, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Syk-tyvkar, Russia; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In the article theoretical approaches to a concept of the competition on the basis of the analysis of literature are con-sidered. Three main directions are allocated: the "wild" competition, the "healthy" competition and transition from the competition to cooperation. It is shown that each of these lines originates in an deep antiquity and has the apologists in modern science. The conclusion is drawn about a support of the modern theory of the aggressive competition on disputa-ble works of social Darwinism and discrepancy of this direction to high ideas of human dignity. The most widespread con-cept of the "healthy" competition supported by the state gives an essential, though not indisputable prize in cost efficiency, but also separates people with each other, ignores a task of their spiritual and moral improvement. From the ethical point of view and the cooperation paradigm which has justification in scientific works seems to be the most perspective, but the practical experience of its implementation is still poor owing to spiritual unavailability of society. Religious justification of this model in terms of orthodox Christianity is given, it is specified that it implies transformations of meaning of life from terrestrial success and consumption of material benefits to sacrificial love for God and to neighbors, humility, mutual ser-vice. Results of work can be useful to expansion of an outlook of pupils and experts, activization of a public discussion on a competition development subject. Further researches can be connected with studying of balance of three revealed ap-proaches in economy of Russia, with the specification of prospects of their development through dialogue with managers, with assessment of competitiveness of the country, regions and the organizations from the presented points of view.


Keywords: competition, rivalry, cooperation, economy, morality, spirituality, orthodox Christianity.

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For citation: Styrov M. M. Competition: spiritual sources and directions of development of ideas // Corpo-rate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corpo-rate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2019. No. 4. Рр. 108–115. DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2019-4-108-115.