Latest Issue



Competition: spiritual sources and directions of development of ideas

DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2019-4-108-115

Full article 

Styrov M. M. – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Financial and Eco-nomic Problems, Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Scientific Center, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Syk-tyvkar, Russia; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In the article theoretical approaches to a concept of the competition on the basis of the analysis of literature are con-sidered. Three main directions are allocated: the "wild" competition, the "healthy" competition and transition from the competition to cooperation. It is shown that each of these lines originates in an deep antiquity and has the apologists in modern science. The conclusion is drawn about a support of the modern theory of the aggressive competition on disputa-ble works of social Darwinism and discrepancy of this direction to high ideas of human dignity. The most widespread con-cept of the "healthy" competition supported by the state gives an essential, though not indisputable prize in cost efficiency, but also separates people with each other, ignores a task of their spiritual and moral improvement. From the ethical point of view and the cooperation paradigm which has justification in scientific works seems to be the most perspective, but the practical experience of its implementation is still poor owing to spiritual unavailability of society. Religious justification of this model in terms of orthodox Christianity is given, it is specified that it implies transformations of meaning of life from terrestrial success and consumption of material benefits to sacrificial love for God and to neighbors, humility, mutual ser-vice. Results of work can be useful to expansion of an outlook of pupils and experts, activization of a public discussion on a competition development subject. Further researches can be connected with studying of balance of three revealed ap-proaches in economy of Russia, with the specification of prospects of their development through dialogue with managers, with assessment of competitiveness of the country, regions and the organizations from the presented points of view.

Keywords: competition, rivalry, cooperation, economy, morality, spirituality, orthodox Christianity.


  1. Taranuha YU. V. Konkurenciya i konkurentosposobnost' [Competition and competitiveness]. Moscow: Rusajns, 2015. 336 p. (In Russian).
  2. Aristotel'. Politika [Policy]. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo YUrajt, 2018. 297 p. (In Russian).
  3. Sulakshin S. S., Bagdasaryan V. E., Vilisov M. V. et al. Nravstvennoe gosudarstvo. Ot teorii k proektu [Moral state. From the theory to project]. Moscow: Nauka i politika, 2015. 424 p. (In Russian).
  4. Gobbs T. Leviafan [Leviathan]. Moscow: Mysl', 2001. 478 p. (In Russian).
  5. Mal'tus T.-R. Opyt zakona o narodonaselenii [Experience of the law on the population]. Moscow: Tipo-litografiya O.I. Lashkevich i Ko, 1895. 250 p. (In Russian).
  6. Darvin CH. Proiskhozhdenie cheloveka i polovoj otbor [The origin of the human and sexual selection]. Sobranie so-chinenij, tom 5. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo AN SSSR, 1953. 1041 p. (In Russian).
  7. Gal'ton F. Nasledstvennost' talanta, eyo zakony i posledstviya [Heredity of talent, its laws and consequences]. Saint-Petersburg: [B. i.], 1875. 299 p. (In Russian).
  8. Orlov A. A. Vojna za doli rynka: konkurentnye boi bez pravil [War for market shares: competitive fights without rules]. Moscow: Eksmo, 2008. 270 p. (In Russian).
  9. Engel's F. Nabroski k kritike politicheskoj ekonomii [Sketches to criticism of political economy] // K. Marks i F. Engel's. Sochineniya. Izd. 2-e. T. 1. Moscow: Gos. izd-vo politicheskoj literatury, 1955. 699 p. (In Russian).
  10. Bulgakov S. N. Filosofiya hozyajstva [Philosophy of economy]. Moscow: Institut russkoj civilizacii, 2009. 464 p. (In Russian).
  11. Vert'yanov S. YU. Proiskhozhdenie zhizni: fakty, gipotezy, dokazatel'stva [Origin of life: facts, hypotheses, proofs]. Ser-giev Posad: Patriarshij izdatel'sko-poligraficheskij centr Svyato-Troickoj Sergievoj Lavry, 2009. 147 p. (In Russian).
  12. Smit A. Issledovanie o prirode i prichinah bogatstva narodov [A research about the nature and the reasons of wealth of the people]. Moscow: Eksmo, 2007. 960 p.
  13. Morita A. Sony. Sdelano v YAponii [Sony. It is made in Japan]. Moscow: Al'pina Didzhital, 2014. 433 p. (In Russian).
  14. Obert T. B. Teoriya konkurencii: ucheb. posobie [Theory of the competition: studies manual]. Saratov: Izd-vo Sara-tovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im N. G. CHernyshevskogo, 2014. 80 p. (In Russian).
  15. Lisovolik YA.D. Konkurentnaya Rossiya v mire «konkurentnoj liberalizacii» [Competitive Russia in the world of "com-petitive liberalization"]. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo «Ekonomika», 2007. 446 p. (In Russian).
  16. Degtyaryov K. S. CHto takoe konkurenciya? [What is the competition?]. Sovremennaya konkurenciya [Modern compe-tition]. 2009. no. 4. Pp. 67–74 (In Russian).
  17. Marks K. Kapital. Kritika politicheskoj ekonomii [Capital. Criticism of political economy]. Tom 3 // K. Marks i F. Engel's. Sochineniya. Izd. 2-e. Tom 25, chast' 1. Moscow: Gos. izd-vo politicheskoj literatury, 1960. 554 p. (In Russian).
  18. Katasonov V.YU. Kapitalizm. Istoriya i ideologiya «denezhnoj civilizacii» [Capitalism. History and ideology of "mone-tary civilization"]. Moscow: Institut russkoj civilizacii, 2013. 646 p. (In Russian).
  19. Veber M. Protestantskaya etika i duh kapitalizma [Protestant ethics and spirit of capitalism] // Izbrannye pro-izvedeniya. Moscow: Progress, 1990. 808 p. (In Russian).
  20. Platon. Gosudarstvo [State]. Moscow: Akademicheskij proekt, 2015. 398 p. (In Russian).
  21. Mor T. Utopiya [Utopiya]. Moscow: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1953. 301 p. (In Russian).
  22. Pososhkov I. T. Kniga o skudosti i bogatstve i drugie sochineniya [The book about scarcity and wealth and other com-positions]. Moscow: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1951. 413 p. (In Russian).
  23. Kropotkin P. A. Vzaimnaya pomoshch' sredi zhivotnyh i lyudej kak dvigatel' progressa [Mutual aid among animals and people as the progress engine]. Moscow: URSS, Knizhnyj dom «LIBROKOM» (In Russian).
  24. Voroncov V. P. Sud'ba kapitalisticheskoj Rossii [Fate of capitalist Russia]. Saint-Petersburg: Tip. M. M. Stasyulevicha, 1907. 221 p. (In Russian).
  25. Karyshev N. A. Iz literatury voprosa o krupnom i melkom sel'skom hozyajstve [From literature of a question of large-scale and small agriculture]. Moscow: Tip. tov-va I.D. Sytina, 1905. 255 p. (In Russian).
  26. Stalin I. V. Sorevnovanie i trudovoj pod"em mass [Competition and enthusiasm for work of masses] // Cochineniya. T. 12. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo politicheskoj literatury, 1949. P. 108–111 (In Russian).
  27. Sorokin P. A. Tainstvennaya energiya lyubvi [Mysterious energy of love] // Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociologi-cal researches]. 1991. № 8. P. 121–137 (In Russian).
  28. Brandenburger А. М., Nalebuff В.J., 1996. Co-Opetition: A Revolution Mindset That Combines Competition and Coop-eration. N. Y. Doubleday. 304 p.
  29. Deming U. E. Novaya ekonomika [The new economy]. Moscow: Eksmo, 2006. 208 p. (In Russian).
  30. Lalu F. Otkryvaya organizacii budushchego [Opening the organizations of future]. Moscow: Mann, Ivanov i Ferber, 2017. 432 p. (In Russian).
  31. Vazhenin S. G., Vazhenina I. S. Konkurentnoe sotrudnichestvo i integracionnaya zrelost' territorij [Competitive coop-eration and integration maturity of territories]. ZHurnal ekonomicheskoj teorii [Magazine of the economic theory]. 2015. No. 4. Pp. 113–121. (In Russian).
  32. Pichurin I. I. Konkurenciya i sotrudnichestvo v sovremennoj ekonomike [The competition and cooperation in modern economy]. ZHurnal ekonomicheskoj teorii [Magazine of the economic theory]. 2014. No. 4. Pp. 182–187 (In Russian).
  33. Gordeev V. A. Tendenciya k vzaimodejstviyu i sotrudnichestvu vmesto konkurencii: novoe podtverzhdenie idej T. S. Ha-chaturova [A tendency to interaction and cooperation instead of the competition: new confirmation of the ideas of T. S. Kha-chaturov]. Vestnik Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 6. Ekonomika [Messenger of Mosk. un-ty. Ser. 6. The Economy]. 2007. No. 2. Pp. 16–27 (In Russian).

For citation: Styrov M. M. Competition: spiritual sources and directions of development of ideas // Corpo-rate governance and innovative economic development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corpo-rate Law, Management and Venture Capital of Syktyvkar State University. 2019. No. 4. Рр. 108–115. DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2019-4-108-115.