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Pilot project as a tool for the formation of active social policy in the region

 

DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-2-138

Full article  (in Russian Russian (Russia))

Bykov V. M. – Candidate of Historical Sciences, Doctor of Economics, Mining Engineer, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of State and Municipal Administration, Komi Republican Academy of Public Administration and Management, Syktyvkar, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Semyashkin I. V. – Chairman of the Committee of the State Council of the Komi Republic on Legislation and Local Self-Government, Syktyvkar, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The modern stage of the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation is characterized by the search for effective ways to develop and implement State social policy, and first of all, its most important component — reducing the poverty level of certain categories of citizens. In this regard, one of the effective mechanisms for solving the noted problem, in the opinion of the authors, is the practice of pilot projects. The purpose of the study is to study the experience of the Komi Republic, as one of the participants in the pilot project, on the formation of a regional poverty reduction policy within its framework. The methodology of work includes the analysis of information data of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, the Control and Accounting Chamber of the Republic of Komi, the Komistat, sociological research, and expert data. Methods of comparisons and analogies are used. During the study, the authors studied the normative documents developed during the implementation of the pilot project, while determining their insufficient focus on specificity in reducing poverty. Based on an integral approach to the definition of the category "poverty," the share of such among the population of the Komi Republic was determined. They formulated factors that potentially lead to the formation of a segment of poor citizens. We analyzed the approaches of regional authorities to targeted support for poor citizens. At the same time, a significant place in the study was taken by the analysis of the practice of a social contract, where the authors presented reserves for the activities of federal and regional authorities: the need to adjust the terms of the social contract, formulate the direction of spending budget funds, and develop standards. The results of the study are intended to be a starting point for further improving the social practice of regional management structures, both the Komi Republic and other constituent entities of the Russian Federation, which is the main purpose of the pilot projects.

Keywords: social policy of the region, pilot project, the concept of "poverty", EGISSO, social contract.

References

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For citation: Bykov V. M., Semyashkin I. V. Pilot project as a tool for the formation of active social policy in the region // Corporate Governance and Innovative Economic Development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Investment of Syktyvkar State University. 2021. Vol. 1, issue 2. Р. 138—146. DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-2-138.