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Food security: new approaches to its provision, northern and arctic specifics

 

DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-2-147

Full article  (in Russian Russian (Russia))

Ivanov V. A. – Doctor of Economics,  Institute of Social, Economic and Power Problems of the North of the Komi  Scientific Center Federal research center of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Syktyvkar, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The purpose of the article is to consider the specifics and justify the directions of food security of the population of the Northern and Arctic territories of Russia. The theoretical and methodological basis is based on the scientific works of academic economists in the field of food independence and security management. The methods used include analytical, statistical, logical, comparative. In studying the concept of “food security”, the author studied official documents, works of scientists on this issue. The data from statistical compilations of the Federal State Statistics Service was used as an information base. The article considers the content of food security and identifies its main elements. The author identifies the countries of the world according to the degree of food security; the approaches to its provision have been singled out. The current state of food independence of Russia is given. It shows the changes in the population's self-sufficiency in basic foodstuffs. The information about the dynamics of import and export of food resources is analyzed. It reveals the northern and arctic specifics of food security. The analysis of the population's self-sufficiency in agricultural products in the North zone is given. The risks and threats to food security have been identified. The measures to overcome them have been considered. The priority directions of ensuring food security of the population in the Northern and Arctic territories are proposed. The application of the obtained results is possible in the elaboration of strategies and programmes for the development of the agro-food sector and rural areas by the subjects of the North and the Arctic zone, as well as in the educational process. The directions for future research are related to the development of measures to enhance the role of the local agricultural sector in food self-sufficiency, to create conditions for improving the quality and standard of living of the rural population.

Keywords: food security, food independence, foreign and domestic experience in ensuring food security, features of food security in the northern and Arctic territories, risks and threats to food security, the North, the Arctic.

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For citation: Ivanov V. A. Food security: new approaches to its provision, northern and arctic specifics // Corporate Governance and Innovative Economic Development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Investment of Syktyvkar State University. 2021. Vol. 1, issue 2. Pp. (In Russian). Р. 147—156. DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-2-147.