Latest Issue



Assessment of adaptation of the population of the regions in the conditions of transition to dynamic development


DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-2-190

Full article  (in Russian Russian (Russia))

Kremlev N. D. – PhD of Economics, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Accounting and Foreign Economic Activity, Kurgan State University, Kurgan, Russia, Senior Researcher at the Kurgan Branch of the Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kurgan, Russia, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The purpose of this article is to substantiate the tools of interregional assessment of population adaptation for the development of timely and effective management decisions to optimize socio-economic processes and counteract various challenges of external environmental systems. The study uses statistical methods that comply with international norms and standards, in particular: index, trend, balance, grouping, comparison, and multivariate analysis.
The article presents the results of the interregional assessment of population adaptation based on the rating method of differentiation of the place occupied by the federal districts and regions of the Russian Federation. It is assumed that the assessment of the adaptation of the population of the regions is determined on the basis of the characteristics of the living conditions and the economic potential operating in a particular territory. Population adaptation involves the interaction of internal human systems and external environmental systems to meet the needs, create new benefits, improve the living conditions and safety of people. The following types of population adaptation are used: active, optimal, inertial, and passive. Based on the measurement of the main socio-economic indicators, the ratings of the interregional assessment of the population's adaptation, the living conditions of the population (work, life, leisure and security), the state of the economy and the standard of living of people are calculated.
It is concluded that the use of data for the interregional assessment of population adaptation made it possible to improve the quality of the information base, to determine the real state and contribution of each region to the country's economy, to measure the level of regional adaptability, which is of crucial importance in drawing up strategic directions for regional socio-economic development and policy in the conditions of dynamic development of territories.

Keywords: adaptation of the population, regions, living conditions of the population, adaptation potential, statistical approach, internal systems of the human body, assessment matrix, environment.


1. Raizberg B. A., Lozovsky L. Sh., Starodubtseva E. B. Sovremenny`j e`konomicheskij slovar` [Modern economic dictionary]. Moscow: INFRA-M, 1997. p. 11. (In Russian).

2. Doroshenko S. V., Trushkova E. A. Macromodel of population adaptation in a changing economy: approaches and solutions. Zhurnal e`konomicheskoj teorii [Journal of Economic Theory], 2019, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 617—629 DOI: 10.31063/2073-6517/2019.16–4.2. (In Russian).

3. Selye G. Essays on the General adaptation syndrome. Available at:,1936 (accessed 22.07.2020).

4. Shelomentsev A. G., Goncharova K. S. Numerical study of the dependence of the structure of household expenditures on the level of their income in the context of the concept of self-preservation behavior. E`konomika regiona [The economy of the region], 2020, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 791—806. Available at: (accessed 09.03.2021). (In Russian).

5. Brandon R. N. Adaptation and the environment. Princeton University press, 2014. 226 p.

6. Williams G. S. Adaptation and natural selection: a critique of some modern evolutionary ideas. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966. 307 p.

7. Albrechts L., Healey P., Kunzmann K. R. Strategic Spatial Planning and Regional Governance in Europe. Journal of the American Planning Association, 2003, 69:2, pp. 113—129. DOI: 10.1080/01944360308976301.

8. Balta-Ozkana N., Watsonb T., Mocca E. Spatially uneven development and low carbon transitions: Insightsfrom urban and regional planning. Energy Policy, 2015, vol. 85, p. 510.

9. Chimhowu A. O., Hulme D., Munroc L. T. The ‘New’ national development planning and global development goals: Processes and partnerships. World Development, 2019, vol. 120, pp. 76—89.

10. Diaz R. A. Planning for sustainable development: Strategic alignment in Peruvian regions and cities. Futures, 2011, no. 43, pp. 908—918.

11. Albrechts L., Balducci A., Hillier J. Situated practices of strategic planning: an international perspective. Description: Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2016. 413 p.

12. Vavilova E. V. E`konomicheskij potencial territorii Rossijskoj Federacii [Economic potential of the territory of the Russian Federation]. Moscow: KNORUS, 2016. 270 p. (In Russian).

13. Khodzinskaya A. B. Adaptacionny`j potencial razvitiya regionov i napravleniya institucional`ny`x preobrazovanij [Adaptive potential of regional development and directions of institutional transformations]. Moscow: Economics and Entre-preneurship, 2015, no. 1 (54), pp. 271—276. (In Russian).

14. Simikova I. P. Vliyanie adaptacionny`x svojstv proizvodstvenny`x sistem na investicionnuyu privlekatel`nost` regiona [Influence of adaptive properties of production systems on the investment attractiveness of the region]. Moscow: Ekonominfo, 2011, no. 15, pp. 46—48. (In Russian).

15. Zorina K. A., Itunina N. B. Adaptive potential as a condition for improving the efficiency of modernization processes. Tvorcheskoe nasledie E`.V. Il`enkova i sovremennost` [Creative heritage of E. V. Ilyenkov and modernity], 2018, no. 4, pp. 30—37. (In Russian).

16. Dementieva I. N. Consumer behavior of the population of the region and features of its adaptation to the economic conditions of the crisis of 2014—2015. Voprosy` territorial`nogo razvitiya [Issues of territorial development], 2018, no. 3 (43), p. 3. (In Russian).

17. Vazhenin S. G., Vazhenina I. S. Conceptual foundations of competitive coexistence of territories. Zhurnal e`konomicheskoj teorii [Journal of Economic Theory], 2012, no. 3, pp. 96—106. (In Russian).

18. Chereshnev V. A., Tatarkin A. I., Fedorov M. V. E`konomicheskaya bezopasnost` Rossii: uroki krizisa i perspektivy` rosta [Economic security of Russia: lessons from the crisis and growth prospects]. Yekaterinburg: Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2012, vol. 1, 1312 p. (In Russian).

19. Kremlev N. D. Statistical accounting as a digital measure of the development of the adaptive potential of the region in the conditions of sanctions. Statistika i e`konomika [Statistics and Economics], 2020, vol. 17, no. 6. DOI: http// (In Russian).

For citation: Kremlev N. D. Assessment of adaptation of the population of the regions in the conditions of transition to dynamic development // Corporate Governance and Innovative Economic Development of the North: Bulletin of the Research Center of Corporate Law, Management and Venture Investment of Syktyvkar State University. 2021. Vol. 1, issue 2. Р. 190—200. DOI: 10.34130/2070-4992-2021-1-2-190.